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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Graphite vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. Raima Database Manager

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Graphite vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. Raima Database Manager

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparisonRaima Database Manager infoformerly named db_Vista  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn online MPP (Massively Parallel Processing) data warehousing service based on GreenplumA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Data logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperWidely used in-process key-value storeRDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into an application or used as a database server
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.39
Rank#227  Overall
#107  Relational DBMS
Score1.93
Rank#112  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score3.43
Rank#82  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score2.69
Rank#92  Overall
#17  Key-value stores
#2  Native XML DBMS
Score0.33
Rank#241  Overall
#114  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­hybriddb-postgresqlcloud.google.com/­spannergithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.htmlraima.com
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­doc-detail/­35387.htmcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsgraphite.readthedocs.iodocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.htmldocs.raima.com
DeveloperAlibaba / Pivotal Software Inc. / PostgreSQL Global Development GroupGoogleChris DavisOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by OracleRaima Inc.
Initial release20162017200619941984
Current release18.1 (Core), June 201814.1
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infocommercial license availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languagePythonC, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)C
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux
Unix
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Android
HP-UX
Integrity RTOS
iOS
Linux
OS X
QNX
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesNumeric data onlynoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonoyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML editionno infoExporting/Importing of XML structures possible
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011noyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is availableyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP API
Sockets
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
Java
Perl
Python
R
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Perl
Python
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Objective-C
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnononoyes infobased on the ANSI/ISO SQL Persistent Stored Modules (PSM) specification
Triggersyesnonoyes infoonly for the SQL APIyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingnonenonehorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMaster-Master replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.noneMaster-slave replicationMaster-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoStrict serializable isolationnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infolockingyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)nonono
More information provided by the system vendor
Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDBGoogle Cloud SpannerGraphiteOracle Berkeley DBRaima Database Manager infoformerly named db_Vista
News

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9 April 2019

Raima Releases RDM v14.1 embedded database with support for VxWorks and Wind River Linux
12 April 2018

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More resources
Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDBGoogle Cloud SpannerGraphiteOracle Berkeley DBRaima Database Manager infoformerly named db_Vista
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