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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Grakn vs. Graphite vs. Raima Database Manager

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Grakn vs. Graphite vs. Raima Database Manager

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonGrakn  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonRaima Database Manager infoformerly named db_Vista  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn online MPP (Massively Parallel Processing) data warehousing service based on GreenplumA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Grakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.Data logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperRDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into an application or used as a database server
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Time Series DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.39
Rank#227  Overall
#107  Relational DBMS
Score1.93
Rank#112  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score0.42
Rank#221  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#104  Relational DBMS
Score3.43
Rank#82  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score0.33
Rank#241  Overall
#114  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­hybriddb-postgresqlcloud.google.com/­spannergrakn.aigithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webraima.com
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­doc-detail/­35387.htmcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsdev.grakn.ai/­docsgraphite.readthedocs.iodocs.raima.com
DeveloperAlibaba / Pivotal Software Inc. / PostgreSQL Global Development GroupGoogleGrakn LabsChris DavisRaima Inc.
Initial release20162017201620061984
Current release1.6.2, January 202014.1
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaPythonC
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Unix
Android
HP-UX
Integrity RTOS
iOS
Linux
OS X
QNX
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesNumeric data onlyyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnononono infoExporting/Importing of XML structures possible
Secondary indexesyesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011nonoyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
console (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
HTTP API
Sockets
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
Java
Perl
Python
R
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C++
Objective-C
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnononoyes infobased on the ANSI/ISO SQL Persistent Stored Modules (PSM) specification
Triggersyesnononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingSharding infoby using Cassandranonehorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMaster-Master replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Master-master replication infoby using CassandranoneMaster-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeepernono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityno infosubstituted by the relationship featurenoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoStrict serializable isolationACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infolockingyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)yes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressnono
More information provided by the system vendor
Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDBGoogle Cloud SpannerGraknGraphiteRaima Database Manager infoformerly named db_Vista
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
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