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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. Geode vs. Google Cloud Spanner

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. Geode vs. Google Cloud Spanner

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NameAlibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDB  Xexclude from comparisonGeode  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn online MPP (Massively Parallel Processing) data warehousing service based on GreenplumGeode is a distributed data container, pooling memory, CPU, network resources, and optionally local disk across multiple processesA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.41
Rank#230  Overall
#109  Relational DBMS
Score1.82
Rank#125  Overall
#24  Key-value stores
Score2.37
Rank#109  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­hybriddb-postgresqlgeode.apache.orgcloud.google.com/­spanner
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­doc-detail/­35387.htmgeode.apache.org/­docscloud.google.com/­spanner/­docs
DeveloperAlibaba / Pivotal Software Inc. / PostgreSQL Global Development GroupOriginally developed by Gemstone. They outsourced the project to Apache in 2015 but still deliver a commercial version as Gemfire.Google
Initial release201620022017
Current release1.1, February 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses available as Gemfirecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VM infothe JDK (8 or later) is also requiredhosted
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query language (OQL)yes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Java Client API
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC
Java
Perl
Python
R
.Net
All JVM based languages
C++
Groovy
Java
Scala
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functionsno
Triggersyesyes infoCache Event Listenersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMaster-master replicationMaster-Master replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflow
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrity
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyes, on a single nodeACID infoStrict serializable isolation
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights per client and object definableAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)

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Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDBGeodeGoogle Cloud Spanner
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