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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. IBM Db2 vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. IBM Db2 vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDB  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn online MPP (Massively Parallel Processing) data warehousing service based on GreenplumCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Common in IBM host environments, 2 different versions for host and Windows/LinuxGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS infoSince Version 10.5 support for JSON/BSON documents compatible with MongoDBDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
RDF store infoin DB2 LUW (Linux, Unix, Windows)
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.32
Rank#237  Overall
#111  Relational DBMS
Score12.35
Rank#38  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score165.55
Rank#6  Overall
#5  Relational DBMS
Score31.95
Rank#24  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­hybriddb-postgresqlfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.ibm.com/­analytics/­db2azure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­doc-detail/­35387.htmfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasewww.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSEPGGdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperAlibaba / Pivotal Software Inc. / PostgreSQL Global Development GroupGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014IBMMicrosoft
Initial release201620121983 infohost version2014
Current release12.1, October 2016
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial infofree version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++
Server operating systemshostedhostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
hosted
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoyesSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Android
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
JSON style queries infoMongoDB compatible
ODBC
XQuery
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesC
Java
Perl
Python
R
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
C
C#
C++
Cobol
Delphi
Fortran
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyeslimited functionality with using 'rules'yesJavaScript
TriggersyesCallbacks are triggered when data changesyesJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infoonly with Windows/Unix/Linux VersionSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes infowith separate tools (MQ, InfoSphere)yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Bounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyesACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes, based on authentication and database rulesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights can be defined down to the item level

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More resources
Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDBFirebase Realtime DatabaseIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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