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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. Elasticsearch vs. Hazelcast vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Sqrrl

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. Elasticsearch vs. Hazelcast vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Sqrrl

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDB  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonHazelcast  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonSqrrl  Xexclude from comparison
Sqrrl has been acquired by Amazon and became a part of Amazon Web Services. It has been removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionAn online MPP (Massively Parallel Processing) data warehousing service based on GreenplumA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricA widely adopted in-memory data gridFully managed big data interactive analytics platformAdaptable, secure NoSQL built on Apache Accumulo
Primary database modelRelational DBMSSearch engineKey-value storeRelational DBMS infocolumn orientedDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store infoJSON support with IMDG 3.12Document store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator, FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function, distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.39
Rank#227  Overall
#107  Relational DBMS
Score148.91
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score9.16
Rank#44  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score2.75
Rank#89  Overall
#45  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­hybriddb-postgresqlwww.elastic.co/­products/­elasticsearchhazelcast.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorersqrrl.com
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­doc-detail/­35387.htmwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlhazelcast.org/­documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer
DeveloperAlibaba / Pivotal Software Inc. / PostgreSQL Global Development GroupElasticHazelcastMicrosoftAmazon infooriginally Sqrrl Data, Inc.
Initial release20162010200820192012
Current release7.3.0, August 20194.0, February 2020cloud service with continuous releases
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses availablecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on AWS and GCP that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.
Implementation languageJavaJavaJava
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VMhostedLinux
Data schemeyesschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-freeFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)schema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes infothe object must implement a serialization strategyyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesall fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query languageSQL-like query languageKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JCache
JPA
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Microsoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
Accumulo Shell
Java API
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
Supported programming languagesC
Java
Perl
Python
R
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
.Net
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
Actionscript
C infousing GLib
C#
C++
Cocoa
Delphi
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesyes infoEvent Listeners, Executor ServicesYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, Rno
Triggersyesyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyes infoEventsyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicyno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infomaking use of Hadoop
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyesyes infoReplicated Mapyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.selectable replication factor infomaking use of Hadoop
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoES-Hadoop Connectoryesnoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency selectable by user infoRaft Consensus AlgorithmEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoDocument store kept consistent with combination of global timestamping, row-level transactions, and server-side consistency resolution.
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoone or two-phase-commit; repeatable reads; read commitednoAtomic updates per row, document, or graph entity
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noMemcached and Redis integrationyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access controlAzure Active Directory AuthenticationCell-level Security, Data-Centric Security, Role-Based Access Control (RBAC), Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC)
More information provided by the system vendor
Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDBElasticsearchHazelcastMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerSqrrl
Specific characteristicsElasticsearch is a highly scalable open source full-text search and analytics engine....
» more
Hazelcast is an in-memory computing platform that runs applications with extremely...
» more
Azure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
Competitive advantagesOpen source, real-time index, search and analysis, horizontally scalable, distributed,...
» more
Hazelcast has an optimized, multi-threaded architecture that enables the highest...
» more
Kusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
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Typical application scenariosSearch, logging, security, metrics, maps and business analytics use cases.
» more
Hazelcast powers many types of large-scale, data processing applications. A sample...
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IoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
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Key customers
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Hazelcast customers include 50 of the world’s largest financial services companies,...
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Microsoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, Bühler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Market metricsMore than 400 million cumulative downloads More than 100,000 community members in...
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Azure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more
Hazelcast provides both open source and commercial software. The open source offering...
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Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDBElasticsearchHazelcastMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerSqrrl
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