DB-EnginesExtremeDB Active Replication featuresEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. DuckDB vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. MarkLogic

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. DuckDB vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. MarkLogic

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDB  Xexclude from comparisonDuckDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonMarkLogic  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn online MPP (Massively Parallel Processing) data warehousing service based on GreenplumAn embeddable, in-process, column-oriented SQL OLAP RDBMSA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Operational and transactional Enterprise NoSQL database
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Native XML DBMS
RDF store infoas of version 7
Search engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.59
Rank#215  Overall
#107  Relational DBMS
Score0.10
Rank#297  Overall
#132  Relational DBMS
Score2.74
Rank#105  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score10.07
Rank#42  Overall
#7  Document stores
#1  Native XML DBMS
#1  RDF stores
#4  Search engines
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­hybriddb-postgresqlduckdb.orgcloud.google.com/­spannerwww.marklogic.com
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­doc-detail/­35387.htmduckdb.org/­docscloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsdocs.marklogic.com
DeveloperAlibaba / Pivotal Software Inc. / PostgreSQL Global Development GroupGoogleMarkLogic Corp.
Initial release2016201820172001
Current release0.2, August 20209.0, 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMIT Licensecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++
Server operating systemshostedserver-lesshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011yes infoSQL92
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
CLI Client
JDBC
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
Node.js Client API
ODBC
proprietary Optic API infoProprietary Query API, introduced with version 9
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
WebDAV
XDBC
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesC
Java
Perl
Python
R
C
C++
Go info3rd party driver
Java
Python
R
Ruby info3rd party driver
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnonoyes infovia XQuery or JavaScript
Triggersyesnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenoneShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenoneMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowyes infovia Hadoop Connector, HDFS Direct Access and in-database MapReduce jobs
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoStrict serializable isolationACID infocan act as a resource manager in an XA/JTA transaction
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyes, with Range Indexes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Role-based access control at the document and subdocument levels
More information provided by the system vendor
Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDBDuckDBGoogle Cloud SpannerMarkLogic
Specific characteristicsThe MarkLogic Multi-Model Database provides the simplest way to integrate data from...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe main benefit of MarkLogic is simplicity. By making things simpler, MarkLogic...
» more
Typical application scenariosMarkLogic’s main use case is the Operational Data Hub . A Data Hub is useful for...
» more
Key customersMarkLogic has proven results managing mission-critical data with over 1,000 global...
» more
Market metricsMarkLogic is well known within the Fortune 1000, with a strong presence in financial...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMarkLogic provides a variety of licenses and cloud services: MarkLogic Data Hub Service...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDBDuckDBGoogle Cloud SpannerMarkLogic
Recent citations in the news

Harnessing the cloud-native winds of change
24 December 2020, Digital News Asia

Alibaba Cloud Unveils 'Magic' Behind the World's Largest Online Shopping Festival
19 November 2020, PRNewswire

Alibaba supports Singles Day with cloud computing, 3D models
19 November 2020, Chain Store Age

Alibaba Cloud launches new cloud database solutions following market growth
1 October 2020, DataCenterNews North America

Alibaba Cloud reports strong Q1, hits $7 billion annual revenue run rate
20 August 2020, ZDNet

provided by Google News

4 predictions for open source in 2021
29 December 2020, IDG Connect

Data management system developed to bridge the gap between databases and data science
9 June 2020, Tech Xplore

Beyond the mainstream database offerings
26 March 2020, TechCentral.ie

provided by Google News

Google Updates Cloud Spanner with New Features: Backup on Demand, Local Emulator, and More
1 May 2020, InfoQ.com

Google enhances Cloud Spanner and other databases
20 August 2020, TechTarget

Google lays out HarbourBridge to tempt PostgreSQL users onto Cloud Spanner • DEVCLASS
13 February 2020, DevClass

Google Releases Spanner Emulator
1 June 2020, iProgrammer

Google’s Cloud Spanner database adds new features and regions
19 December 2018, TechCrunch

provided by Google News

MarkLogic Announces New Tableau Connector to Streamline Enterprise Data Consumption
6 January 2021, Business Wire

Global Document Databases Market 2021-2027 Study by Couchbase, MongoDB, Amazon, MarkLogic
21 December 2020, The Courier

NoSQL Market (2021-2025) | Potential growth, attractive valuation make it is a long-term investment | Top Key Players: MarkLogic, Couchbase, CloudDB
19 January 2021, The Courier

Global NoSQL Database Market Top Company Profile: DynamoDB, ObjectLabs Corporation, Skyll, MarkLogic, InfiniteGraph etc.
18 January 2021, Splash Radio Wales

Database Management System (DBMS) Market Expected to Grow at a High CAGR By 2027: MarkLogic, SAP AG, InterSystems, Cloudera, Hewlett-Packard, Amazon WebServices
18 January 2021, NeighborWebSJ

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Product Marketing Manager, Databases, Google Cloud
Google, Sunnyvale, CA

Engineering Manager, Data Platform
Box, Redwood City, CA

Application Engineer, M&A Technical Integrations
Google, New York, NY

Senior GCP Architect | REMOTE JOB
iknowvate technologies, Memphis, TN

Architect (ATC)
Virtusa, Jersey City, NJ

MarkLogic Developer
Acestack LLC, Phoenix, AZ

MarkLogic Developer
Infopro Ltd., Phoenix, AZ

QA Tester
Data Warehouse Labs, Saint Paul, MN

Marklogic Developer
Cognizant Technology Solutions, Hartford, CT

Technical Support & Development DBA
DBaaS, Remote

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Present your product here