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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. Dgraph vs. Grakn vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. Dgraph vs. Grakn vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDB  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonGrakn  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn online MPP (Massively Parallel Processing) data warehousing service based on GreenplumDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.TiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.50
Rank#227  Overall
#109  Relational DBMS
Score1.61
Rank#134  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
Score0.75
Rank#191  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#94  Relational DBMS
Score2.14
Rank#123  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­hybriddb-postgresqldgraph.iograkn.aipingcap.com
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­doc-detail/­35387.htmdocs.dgraph.iodev.grakn.ai/­docsdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperAlibaba / Pivotal Software Inc. / PostgreSQL Global Development GroupDgraph Labs, Inc.Grakn LabsPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release2016201620162016
Current release1.8.3, September 20204.0, July 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoJavaGo, Rust
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnonoyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
GraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
console (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC
Java
Perl
Python
R
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnonono
Triggersyesnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyesSharding infoby using Cassandrahorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSynchronous replication via RaftMulti-source replication infoby using CassandraUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeperyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono infosubstituted by the relationship featureno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno infoPlanned for future releasesyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDBDgraphGraknTiDB
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
TiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
» more
Expressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDBDgraphGraknTiDB
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