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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDB  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn online MPP (Massively Parallel Processing) data warehousing service based on GreenplumA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Cloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Widely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environments
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeDocument storeRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.50
Rank#227  Overall
#109  Relational DBMS
Score17.25
Rank#35  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score15.61
Rank#36  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score542.29
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score6.79
Rank#54  Overall
#31  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­hybriddb-postgresqlcouchdb.apache.orgfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.postgresql.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.html
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­doc-detail/­35387.htmdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablefirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasewww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manualshelp.sap.com/­sql-anywhere
DeveloperAlibaba / Pivotal Software Inc. / PostgreSQL Global Development GroupApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerSAP infoformerly Sybase
Initial release2016200520121989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL1992
Current release3.0, February 202012.4, August 202017, July 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageErlangC
Server operating systemshostedAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.yes
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnonoyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
Java
Perl
Python
R
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesView functions in JavaScriptlimited functionality with using 'rules'user defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perl
TriggersyesyesCallbacks are triggered when data changesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsSource-replica replication infoDatabase mirroring
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleyesACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseyes, based on authentication and database rulesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDBCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Firebase Realtime DatabasePostgreSQLSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere
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