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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. CockroachDB vs. Google Cloud Spanner

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. CockroachDB vs. Google Cloud Spanner

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDB  Xexclude from comparisonCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn online MPP (Massively Parallel Processing) data warehousing service based on GreenplumCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.A horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.73
Rank#220  Overall
#102  Relational DBMS
Score4.45
Rank#66  Overall
#36  Relational DBMS
Score2.77
Rank#100  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­hybriddb-postgresqlwww.cockroachlabs.comcloud.google.com/­spanner
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­en/­analyticdb-for-postgresql/­latest/­product-introduction-overviewwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docscloud.google.com/­spanner/­docs
DeveloperAlibaba / Pivotal Software Inc. / PostgreSQL Global Development GroupCockroach LabsGoogle
Initial release201620152017
Current release24.1.0, May 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGo
Server operating systemshostedLinux
macOS
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyesdynamic schemayes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBCgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC
Java
Perl
Python
R
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnono
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicehorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-source replication using RAFTMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflow
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrity
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoStrict serializable isolation
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)

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More resources
Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDBCockroachDBGoogle Cloud Spanner
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