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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. CockroachDB vs. Dgraph vs. TerarkDB vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. CockroachDB vs. Dgraph vs. TerarkDB vs. TiDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDB  Xexclude from comparisonCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonTerarkDB  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn online MPP (Massively Parallel Processing) data warehousing service based on GreenplumCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.Distributed and scalable native Graph DBMSA key-value store forked from RocksDB with advanced compression algorithms. It can be used standalone or as a storage engine for MySQL and MongoDBTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.56
Rank#223  Overall
#108  Relational DBMS
Score6.17
Rank#62  Overall
#35  Relational DBMS
Score1.62
Rank#135  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
Score0.08
Rank#314  Overall
#53  Key-value stores
Score2.34
Rank#117  Overall
#57  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­hybriddb-postgresqlwww.cockroachlabs.comdgraph.iogithub.com/­Terark/­terarkdbpingcap.com
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­doc-detail/­35387.htmwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docsdgraph.io/­docsgithub.com/­Terark/­terarkdb/­wikidocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperAlibaba / Pivotal Software Inc. / PostgreSQL Global Development GroupCockroach LabsDgraph Labs, Inc.TerarkPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release20162015201620162016
Current release20.2, November 20204.0, July 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial inforestricted open source version availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
CockroachCloud: Get your applications to market faster with a fully managed CockroachDB instance. Leave the daily maintenance, security, and operations of your database to us, and spend more time building apps and running your business.
Implementation languageGoGoC++Go, Rust
Server operating systemshostedLinux
macOS
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesdynamic schemaschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnononono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLnonoyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBCGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
C++ API
Java API
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC
Java
Perl
Python
R
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C++
Java
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnononono
Triggersyesnononono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicehorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTyesnonehorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-source replication using RAFTSynchronous replication via RaftnoneUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnonono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access controlno infoPlanned for future releasesnoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDBCockroachDBDgraphTerarkDBTiDB
Specific characteristicsCockroachDB is a cloud-native, distributed SQL database architected for modern applications....
» more
TiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantages- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
» more
Horizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosSystem of record (financial ledger, inventory management, transaction record), identity...
» more
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersComcast, LUSH, Bose, Kindred, Nubank, Baidu, SpaceX, TuneGO, eBay, DoorDash, Norfolk...
» more
Shopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics8K+ long-running clusters 700+ CockroachDB Enterprise clusters 120+ CockroachCloud...
» more
25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing models- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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