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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Spark SQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDB  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn online MPP (Massively Parallel Processing) data warehousing service based on GreenplumLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.45
Rank#250  Overall
#118  Relational DBMS
Score25.94
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score20.66
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score22.86
Rank#35  Overall
#21  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­hybriddb-postgresqlaws.amazon.com/­redshiftazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticsspark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­doc-detail/­35387.htmdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperAlibaba / Pivotal Software Inc. / PostgreSQL Global Development GroupAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)MicrosoftApache Software Foundation
Initial release2016201220162014
Current release3.2.0, October 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++Scala
Server operating systemshostedhostedhostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesrestrictedyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyesSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
Java
Perl
Python
R
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
Java
PHP
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functions infoin PythonTransact SQLno
Triggersyesnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingSharding, horizontal partitioningyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyesyesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesno

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More resources
Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDBAmazon RedshiftMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseSpark SQL
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