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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDB  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn online MPP (Massively Parallel Processing) data warehousing service based on GreenplumLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.63
Rank#218  Overall
#109  Relational DBMS
Score23.64
Rank#32  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score14.86
Rank#40  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score568.51
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­hybriddb-postgresqlaws.amazon.com/­redshiftazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­doc-detail/­35387.htmdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticswww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperAlibaba / Pivotal Software Inc. / PostgreSQL Global Development GroupAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)MicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release2016201220161989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release13.3, May 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialcommercialOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageCC++C
Server operating systemshostedhostedhostedFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesrestrictedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyesyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC
Java
Perl
Python
R
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
Java
PHP
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functions infoin PythonTransact SQLuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingSharding, horizontal partitioningpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyesyesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDBAmazon RedshiftMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehousePostgreSQL
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