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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. Amazon Redshift vs. HarperDB vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. Amazon Redshift vs. HarperDB vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Spark SQL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDB  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonHarperDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn online MPP (Massively Parallel Processing) data warehousing service based on GreenplumLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsUltra-low latency distributed database with an intuitive REST API supporting NoSQL and SQL (including joins). Deployment of functions and databases simultaneously with a consolidated node-level architecture.Elastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.36
Rank#268  Overall
#124  Relational DBMS
Score26.17
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score0.40
Rank#258  Overall
#39  Document stores
Score22.46
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score23.72
Rank#35  Overall
#21  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­hybriddb-postgresqlaws.amazon.com/­redshiftharperdb.ioazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticsspark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­doc-detail/­35387.htmdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftharperdb.io/­developers/­documentation/­overviewdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperAlibaba / Pivotal Software Inc. / PostgreSQL Global Development GroupAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)HarperDBMicrosoftApache Software Foundation
Initial release20162012201720162014
Current release3.1, August 20213.3.0, June 2022
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial infofree community edition availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCNode.jsC++Scala
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux
OS X
hostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesdynamic schemayesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoJSON data typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnononono
Secondary indexesyesrestrictedyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardSQL-like data manipulation statementsyesSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
React Hooks
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
WebSocket
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
Java
Perl
Python
R
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C#
C++
ColdFusion
D
Dart
Delphi
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
MatLab
Objective C
Perl
PHP
PowerShell
Prolog
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Swift
C#
Java
PHP
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functions infoin PythonCustom Functions infosince release 3.1Transact SQLno
Triggersyesnononono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingA table resides as a whole on one (or more) nodes in a clusterSharding, horizontal partitioningyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyesyes infothe nodes on which a table resides can be definedyesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDAtomic execution of specific operationsACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes, using LMDByesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesyesno
More information provided by the system vendor
Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDBAmazon RedshiftHarperDBMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseSpark SQL
Specific characteristicsHarperDB is the first distributed database with hybrid SQL & NoSQL functionality...
» more
Competitive advantagesBy combining the functionality of the best SQL, NoSQL, and NewSQL products on the...
» more
Typical application scenariosUse cases where HarperDB is a better fit than other solutions include: Rapid app...
» more
Key customersA few highlighted customers include: US Army, US Airforce, Chelan PUD, TATA, & Lumen....
» more
Market metricsOver 94K total HarperDB users : 16,500+ npm downloads 73,600+ on Docker Hub 4,200+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsHarperDB follows a freemium/premium model . A data base is only as powerful as it...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDBAmazon RedshiftHarperDBMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseSpark SQL
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