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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. Amazon DynamoDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. Amazon DynamoDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDB  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn online MPP (Massively Parallel Processing) data warehousing service based on GreenplumHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Key-value store
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.59
Rank#215  Overall
#107  Relational DBMS
Score69.14
Rank#17  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score32.97
Rank#25  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­hybriddb-postgresqlaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­doc-detail/­35387.htmdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperAlibaba / Pivotal Software Inc. / PostgreSQL Global Development GroupAmazonMicrosoft
Initial release201620122014
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationscommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Server operating systemshostedhostedhosted
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP APIDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesC
Java
Perl
Python
R
.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoJavaScript
Triggersyesyes infoby integration with AWS LambdaJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)with Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Bounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights can be defined down to the item level

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More resources
Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDBAmazon DynamoDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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