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DBMS > AlaSQL vs. ToroDB vs. UniData,UniVerse vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison AlaSQL vs. ToroDB vs. UniData,UniVerse vs. Virtuoso

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlaSQL  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparisonUniData,UniVerse  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJavaScript DBMS libraryA MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQLMultiValue database and application server with SQL mapping layer and meta database capabilitiesVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelDocument store
Relational DBMS
Document storeMultivalue DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.55
Rank#230  Overall
#35  Document stores
#111  Relational DBMS
Score0.03
Rank#337  Overall
#46  Document stores
Score4.49
Rank#84  Overall
#2  Multivalue DBMS
Score6.01
Rank#71  Overall
#11  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#2  Native XML DBMS
#39  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
#9  Search engines
Websitealasql.orgwww.torodb.comwww.rocketsoftware.com/­products/­rocket-u2virtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationgithub.com/­agershun/­alasqlwww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docswww.rocketsoftware.com/­products/­rocket-u2/­documentationdocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperAndrey Gershun & Mathias R. Wulff8KdataRocket SoftwareOpenLink Software
Initial release2014201619851998
Current release08.03.3316, March 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT-LicenseOpen Source infoAGPL-V3commercialOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaScriptJavaCC
Server operating systemsserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)All OS with a Java 7 VMAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_idoptionalyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLClose to SQL99, but no user access control, stored procedures and host language bindings.yesyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsJavaScript APIJava API infoJPA
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
SOAP-based API
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesJavaScript.Net
Basic infoU2 Basic
C
Java
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersyesnoyes infoU2 Basicyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnoneyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneSource-replica replicationSource-replica replicationChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayes infoonly for local storage and DOM-storagenoACID infoconfigurableACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infoby using IndexedDB, SQL.JS or proprietary FileStorageyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights according to SQL-standard and operating system basedFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
AlaSQLToroDBUniData,UniVerseVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsVirtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesPerformance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosUsed for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersBroad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsLargest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAvailable in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more

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AlaSQLToroDBUniData,UniVerseVirtuoso
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