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DBMS > AlaSQL vs. Neo4j vs. Oracle vs. Prometheus vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison AlaSQL vs. Neo4j vs. Oracle vs. Prometheus vs. Stardog

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlaSQL  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonPrometheus  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJavaScript DBMS libraryScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsWidely used RDBMSOpen-source TimeSeries DBMS and monitoring systemEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelDocument store
Relational DBMS
Graph DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.60
Rank#226  Overall
#35  Document stores
#110  Relational DBMS
Score58.03
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score1281.74
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score6.44
Rank#61  Overall
#3  Time Series DBMS
Score1.93
Rank#123  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websitealasql.orgneo4j.comwww.oracle.com/­databaseprometheus.iowww.stardog.com
Technical documentationgithub.com/­agershun/­alasqlneo4j.com/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databaseprometheus.io/­docsdocs.stardog.com
DeveloperAndrey Gershun & Mathias R. WulffNeo4j, Inc.OracleStardog-Union
Initial release20142007198020152010
Current release4.4.0, December 202119c, February 20197.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT-LicenseOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJavaScriptJava, ScalaC and C++GoJava
Server operating systemsserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesNumeric data onlyyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno infoImport of XML data possibleno infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesnoyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesnoyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLClose to SQL99, but no user access control, stored procedures and host language bindings.noyes infowith proprietary extensionsnoYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsJavaScript APIBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIGraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesJavaScript.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
C++
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possiblenouser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyesyes infovia event handleryesnoyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneyes using Neo4j FabricSharding, horizontal partitioningShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoby FederationMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQLnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyesnoyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayes infoonly for local storage and DOM-storageACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizednoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infoby using IndexedDB, SQL.JS or proprietary FileStorageyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnoUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
AlaSQLNeo4jOraclePrometheusStardog
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

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30 November 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Jeremy Grignard, Pegasus, FastRP, and a Brand New Node.js Course on GraphAcademy
27 November 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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