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DBMS > AlaSQL vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. Teradata Aster

System Properties Comparison AlaSQL vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. Teradata Aster

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlaSQL  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparisonTeradata Aster  Xexclude from comparison
Teradata Aster has been integrated into other Teradata systems and therefore will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionJavaScript DBMS libraryMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSWidely used RDBMSA multi-model, scalable, distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide highly reliable, flexible, and available data management across a configurable set of storage nodesPlatform for big data analytics on multistructured data sources and types
Primary database modelDocument store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.60
Rank#226  Overall
#35  Document stores
#110  Relational DBMS
Score954.02
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1281.74
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score4.23
Rank#83  Overall
#14  Document stores
#13  Key-value stores
#45  Relational DBMS
Websitealasql.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­nosql.html
Technical documentationgithub.com/­agershun/­alasqldocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasedocs.oracle.com/­en/­database/­other-databases/­nosql-database/­index.html
DeveloperAndrey Gershun & Mathias R. WulffMicrosoftOracleOracleTeradata
Initial release20141989198020112005
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 201919c, February 201921.2, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT-Licensecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoProprietary for Enterprise Edition (Oracle Database EE license has Oracle NoSQL database EE covered: details)commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaScriptC++C and C++Java
Server operating systemsserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Linux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
Solaris SPARC/x86
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsSupport Fixed schema and Schema-less deployment with the ability to interoperate between them.Flexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free) infodefined schema within the relational store; partial schema or schema free in the Aster File Store
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesoptionalyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyesnoyes infoin Aster File Store
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLClose to SQL99, but no user access control, stored procedures and host language bindings.yesyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsJavaScript APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesJavaScriptC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
C
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Java
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possiblenoR packages
Triggersyesyesyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding, horizontal partitioningShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Electable source-replica replication per shard. Support distributed global deployment with Multi-region table featureyes infoDimension tables are replicated across all nodes in the cluster. The number of replicas for the file store can be configured.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQLwith Hadoop integrationyes infoSQL Map-Reduce Framework
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayes infoonly for local storage and DOM-storageACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)ACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infoby using IndexedDB, SQL.JS or proprietary FileStorageyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes infooff heap cacheno
User concepts infoAccess controlnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
AlaSQLMicrosoft SQL ServerOracleOracle NoSQLTeradata Aster
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