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DBMS > AlaSQL vs. H2 vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison AlaSQL vs. H2 vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. ToroDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlaSQL  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJavaScript DBMS libraryFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Database as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerA MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelDocument store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.64
Rank#216  Overall
#33  Document stores
#108  Relational DBMS
Score8.95
Rank#50  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score74.79
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score0.08
Rank#322  Overall
#42  Document stores
Websitealasql.orgwww.h2database.comazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.torodb.com
Technical documentationgithub.com/­agershun/­alasqlwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqlwww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docs
DeveloperAndrey Gershun & Mathias R. WulffThomas MuellerMicrosoft8Kdata
Initial release2014200520102016
Current release1.4.200, October 2019V12
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT-LicenseOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)commercialOpen Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaScriptJavaC++Java
Server operating systemsserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)All OS with a Java VMhostedAll OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLClose to SQL99, but no user access control, stored procedures and host language bindings.yesyes
APIs and other access methodsJavaScript APIJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesJavaScriptJava.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsTransact SQL
Triggersyesyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseyes, with always 3 replicas availableSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayes infoonly for local storage and DOM-storageACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infoby using IndexedDB, SQL.JS or proprietary FileStorageyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles

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More resources
AlaSQLH2Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureToroDB
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