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DBMS > AlaSQL vs. H2 vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. RRDtool

System Properties Comparison AlaSQL vs. H2 vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. RRDtool

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlaSQL  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonRRDtool  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJavaScript DBMS libraryFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Database as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerIndustry standard data logging and graphing tool for time series data. RRD is an acronym for round-robin database. infoThe data is stored in a circular buffer, thus the system storage footprint remains constant over time.
Primary database modelDocument store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.67
Rank#215  Overall
#32  Document stores
#108  Relational DBMS
Score9.69
Rank#48  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score78.26
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score16.66
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score2.44
Rank#112  Overall
#7  Time Series DBMS
Websitealasql.orgwww.h2database.comazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databaseazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticsoss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtool
Technical documentationgithub.com/­agershun/­alasqlwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqldocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsoss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtool/­doc
DeveloperAndrey Gershun & Mathias R. WulffThomas MuellerMicrosoftMicrosoftTobias Oetiker
Initial release20142005201020161999
Current release1.4.200, October 2019V121.7.2, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT-LicenseOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)commercialcommercialOpen Source infoGPL V2 and FLOSS
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaScriptJavaC++C++C infoImplementations in Java (e.g. RRD4J) and C# available
Server operating systemsserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)All OS with a Java VMhostedhostedHP-UX
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyesNumeric data only
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesnono infoExporting into and restoring from XML files possible
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLClose to SQL99, but no user access control, stored procedures and host language bindings.yesyesyesno
APIs and other access methodsJavaScript APIJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
in-process shared library
Pipes
Supported programming languagesJavaScriptJava.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
Java
PHP
C infowith librrd library
C# infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Java infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
JavaScript (Node.js) infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Lua
Perl
PHP infowith a wrapper library
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsTransact SQLTransact SQLno
Triggersyesyesyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding, horizontal partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseyes, with always 3 replicas availableyesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayes infoonly for local storage and DOM-storageACIDACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyesyes infoby using the rrdcached daemon
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infoby using IndexedDB, SQL.JS or proprietary FileStorageyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesno

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More resources
AlaSQLH2Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseRRDtool
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