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DBMS > AlaSQL vs. H2 vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

System Properties Comparison AlaSQL vs. H2 vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlaSQL  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJavaScript DBMS libraryFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Database as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server
Primary database modelDocument store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.64
Rank#216  Overall
#33  Document stores
#108  Relational DBMS
Score8.95
Rank#50  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score74.79
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score14.86
Rank#40  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Websitealasql.orgwww.h2database.comazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databaseazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analytics
Technical documentationgithub.com/­agershun/­alasqlwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqldocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperAndrey Gershun & Mathias R. WulffThomas MuellerMicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release2014200520102016
Current release1.4.200, October 2019V12
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT-LicenseOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaScriptJavaC++C++
Server operating systemsserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)All OS with a Java VMhostedhosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLClose to SQL99, but no user access control, stored procedures and host language bindings.yesyesyes
APIs and other access methodsJavaScript APIJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesJavaScriptJava.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsTransact SQLTransact SQL
Triggersyesyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseyes, with always 3 replicas availableyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayes infoonly for local storage and DOM-storageACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infoby using IndexedDB, SQL.JS or proprietary FileStorageyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes

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More resources
AlaSQLH2Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
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