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DBMS > AlaSQL vs. H2 vs. Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database

System Properties Comparison AlaSQL vs. H2 vs. Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlaSQL  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJavaScript DBMS libraryFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Microsoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Database as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL Server
Primary database modelDocument store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.64
Rank#216  Overall
#33  Document stores
#108  Relational DBMS
Score8.95
Rank#50  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score114.94
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score74.79
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Websitealasql.orgwww.h2database.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accessazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-database
Technical documentationgithub.com/­agershun/­alasqlwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­accessdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sql
DeveloperAndrey Gershun & Mathias R. WulffThomas MuellerMicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release2014200519922010
Current release1.4.200, October 20191902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019V12
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT-LicenseOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)commercial infoBundled with Microsoft Officecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaScriptJavaC++C++
Server operating systemsserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)All OS with a Java VMWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLshosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLClose to SQL99, but no user access control, stored procedures and host language bindings.yesyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardyes
APIs and other access methodsJavaScript APIJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesJavaScriptJavaC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineTransact SQL
Triggersyesyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databasenoneyes, with always 3 replicas available
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayes infoonly for local storage and DOM-storageACIDACID infobut no files for transaction loggingACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infoby using IndexedDB, SQL.JS or proprietary FileStorageyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
AlaSQLH2Microsoft AccessMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure
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