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DBMS > AlaSQL vs. H2 vs. Microsoft Access

System Properties Comparison AlaSQL vs. H2 vs. Microsoft Access

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlaSQL  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJavaScript DBMS libraryFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Microsoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)
Primary database modelDocument store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.70
Rank#238  Overall
#35  Document stores
#114  Relational DBMS
Score8.67
Rank#52  Overall
#31  Relational DBMS
Score133.83
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitealasql.orgwww.h2database.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­access
Technical documentationgithub.com/­agershun/­alasqlwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­access
DeveloperAndrey Gershun & Mathias R. WulffThomas MuellerMicrosoft
Initial release201420051992
Current release2.1.210, January 20221902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT-LicenseOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)commercial infoBundled with Microsoft Office
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaScriptJavaC++
Server operating systemsserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)All OS with a Java VMWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLs
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLClose to SQL99, but no user access control, stored procedures and host language bindings.yesyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standard
APIs and other access methodsJavaScript APIJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesJavaScriptJavaC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Triggersyesyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databasenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayes infoonly for local storage and DOM-storageACIDACID infobut no files for transaction logging
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infoby using IndexedDB, SQL.JS or proprietary FileStorageyesyes infobut no files for transaction logging
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003

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More resources
AlaSQLH2Microsoft Access
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