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DBMS > AlaSQL vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. H2 vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Microsoft SQL Server

System Properties Comparison AlaSQL vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. H2 vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Microsoft SQL Server

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlaSQL  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJavaScript DBMS libraryCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Database as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerMicrosofts flagship relational DBMS
Primary database modelDocument store
Relational DBMS
Document storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.67
Rank#215  Overall
#32  Document stores
#108  Relational DBMS
Score18.02
Rank#38  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score9.69
Rank#48  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score78.26
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score970.85
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websitealasql.orgfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.h2database.comazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationgithub.com/­agershun/­alasqlfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasewww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqldocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-server
DeveloperAndrey Gershun & Mathias R. WulffGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Thomas MuellerMicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release20142012200520101989
Current release1.4.200, October 2019V12SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT-LicensecommercialOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)commercialcommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaScriptJavaC++C++
Server operating systemsserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)hostedAll OS with a Java VMhostedLinux
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyesyes
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLClose to SQL99, but no user access control, stored procedures and host language bindings.noyesyesyes
APIs and other access methodsJavaScript APIAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesJavaScriptJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
Java.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnolimited functionality with using 'rules'Java Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsTransact SQLTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
TriggersyesCallbacks are triggered when data changesyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseyes, with always 3 replicas availableyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayes infoonly for local storage and DOM-storageyesACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infoby using IndexedDB, SQL.JS or proprietary FileStorageyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnoyes, based on authentication and database rulesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
AlaSQLFirebase Realtime DatabaseH2Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureMicrosoft SQL Server
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