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DBMS > AlaSQL vs. CrateDB vs. Spark SQL vs. Tarantool vs. TypeDB

System Properties Comparison AlaSQL vs. CrateDB vs. Spark SQL vs. Tarantool vs. TypeDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlaSQL  Xexclude from comparisonCrateDB  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparisonTarantool  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJavaScript DBMS libraryDistributed Date Store based on LuceneSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processingIn-memory computing platform with a flexible data schema for efficiently building high-performance applicationsTypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical type system and TypeQL as its query language
Primary database modelDocument store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS
Search engine
Relational DBMSKey-value storeGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Time Series DBMS
Document store
Relational DBMS
Spatial DBMS infowith Tarantool/GIS extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.56
Rank#226  Overall
#35  Document stores
#108  Relational DBMS
Score0.94
Rank#183  Overall
#88  Relational DBMS
#13  Search engines
Score23.72
Rank#35  Overall
#21  Relational DBMS
Score1.53
Rank#144  Overall
#27  Key-value stores
Score0.82
Rank#194  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#91  Relational DBMS
Websitealasql.orgcrate.iospark.apache.org/­sqlwww.tarantool.iovaticle.com
Technical documentationgithub.com/­agershun/­alasqlcrate.io/­docsspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.htmlwww.tarantool.io/­en/­docdocs.vaticle.com
DeveloperAndrey Gershun & Mathias R. WulffCrateApache Software FoundationVKVaticle (formerly Grakn Labs)
Initial release20142013201420082016
Current release3.3.0, June 20222.4.2, July 20202.11.0, June 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT-LicenseOpen SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoBSDOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaScriptJavaScalaC and C++Java
Server operating systemsserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)All OS with a Java 7 (and higher) VMLinux
OS X
Windows
BSD
Linux
macOS
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)yesschema-free, schema definition possibleyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesstring, double, decimal, uuid, integer, blob, booleanyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesnoyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLClose to SQL99, but no user access control, stored procedures and host language bindings.yes, but no triggers and constraintsSQL-like DML and DDL statementsFull-featured ANSI SQL supportno
APIs and other access methodsJavaScript APIADO.NET infocommunity maintained client
JDBC
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Open binary protocolgRPC protocol
TypeDB Console (shell)
TypeDB Studio (Visualisation software- previously TypeDB Workbase)
Supported programming languagesJavaScriptErlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
Java
Python
R
Scala
C
C#
C++
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Rust
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsnoLua, C and SQL stored proceduresno
Triggersyesnonoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingyes, utilizing Spark CoreHash sharding based on virtual bucketsSharding infoby using Cassandra
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneselectable replication factornoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infoby using Cassandra
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeper
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneEventual Consistency
Read Your Own Writes Consistency infofor primary key lookups
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyes, with SQLno infosubstituted by the relationship feature
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayes infoonly for local storage and DOM-storageno infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategynoACID, read commitedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, cooperative multitaskingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infoby using IndexedDB, SQL.JS or proprietary FileStorageyesyesyes, regular snapshots on disk, write ahead loggingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnonoyes, full featured in-memory storage engine with persistenceno
User concepts infoAccess controlnorights management via user accountsnoAccess rights for users and rolesyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progress
More information provided by the system vendor
AlaSQLCrateDBSpark SQLTarantoolTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
Specific characteristicsCrateDB is an open source distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing...
» more
Meet TypeDB (and TypeQL ) TypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical...
» more
Competitive advantagesCrateDB is typically used in operational analytics applications, particularly those...
» more
Entity-Relationship Model TypeDB allows you to model your domain using the well-known...
» more
Typical application scenariosCrateDB is ideal for integrating and analyzing streams of data--often machine-generated--in...
» more
Life sciences : TypeDB makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Key customersCrateDB customers include McAfee, Qualtrics , Nokia, NBC Golfnow , Digital Domain...
» more
Market metricsThe CrateDB open source project was started in 2014. CrateDB was the winner of TechCrunch...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsCrateDB pricing CrateDB Community Edition is open source and free to use under the...
» more
AGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesSQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

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More resources
AlaSQLCrateDBSpark SQLTarantoolTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
DB-Engines blog posts

Data processing speed and reliability: in-memory synchronous replication
9 November 2021,  Vladimir Perepelytsya, Tarantool (sponsor) 

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