DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > AlaSQL vs. Cassandra vs. H2 vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database

System Properties Comparison AlaSQL vs. Cassandra vs. H2 vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlaSQL  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJavaScript DBMS libraryWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Database as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL Server
Primary database modelDocument store
Relational DBMS
Wide column storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.64
Rank#216  Overall
#33  Document stores
#108  Relational DBMS
Score114.11
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score8.95
Rank#50  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score74.79
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Websitealasql.orgcassandra.apache.orgwww.h2database.comazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-database
Technical documentationgithub.com/­agershun/­alasqlcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sql
DeveloperAndrey Gershun & Mathias R. WulffApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookThomas MuellerMicrosoft
Initial release2014200820052010
Current release3.11.10 , February 20211.4.200, October 2019V12
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT-LicenseOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaScriptJavaJavaC++
Server operating systemsserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMhosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesnorestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLClose to SQL99, but no user access control, stored procedures and host language bindings.SQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)yesyes
APIs and other access methodsJavaScript APIProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesJavaScriptC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsTransact SQL
Triggersyesyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infono "single point of failure"none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseyes, with always 3 replicas available
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayes infoonly for local storage and DOM-storageno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infoby using IndexedDB, SQL.JS or proprietary FileStorageyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights for users can be defined per objectfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
AlaSQLCassandraH2Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Instaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
AlaSQLCassandraH2Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure
DB-Engines blog posts

Cassandra keeps climbing the ranks of the DB-Engines Ranking
3 May 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

Oracle is the DBMS of the Year
5 January 2016, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Winners, losers and an attractive newcomer in Novembers DB-Engines ranking
2 November 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Meet AlaSQL, a speedy SQL database for JavaScript
15 January 2019, JAXenter

HarperDB - How and Why We Built It From The Ground Up on NodeJS
28 February 2021, hackernoon.com

Introduction to Apache Spark: Big Data Analytics Simplified
4 September 2018, Business 2 Community

provided by Google News

Cloud-based Database Market Quality & Quantity Analysis | Teradata, Cassandra, Tencent, Oracle – The Courier
10 June 2021, The Courier

Why Your Next App Should Be On Cassandra -- ADTmag
2 June 2021, ADT Magazine

DataStax Accelerates In Asia-Pacific With New Singapore Headquarters
8 June 2021, StreetInsider.com

Instaclustr's Stefan Miklosovic Becomes the Newest Apache
17 May 2021, GlobeNewswire

DataStax collaborates with NetApp to adopt and manage high scale, cloud native data
22 May 2021, Help Net Security

provided by Google News

Query Store Hints in Azure SQL Database | Data Exposed - Microsoft
10 June 2021, Channel 9

Microsoft builds distributed ledger for Azure SQL database
26 May 2021, TechTarget

Azure Arc - Bringing The Best Of The Public Cloud To Hybrid And Multi-Cloud Environments
1 June 2021, Forbes

Simple Steps To Connect SQL Azure To SSMS
6 June 2021, hackernoon.com

Exploring Azure SQL authentication and access
17 May 2021, TechGenix

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Developer
Axle Informatics, Rockville, MD

Applications Developer
Axle Informatics, Rockville, MD

Senior Database Administrator - Cassandra / DataStax
Uline, Pleasant Prairie, WI

Database Administrator - DBA
iSpeech, Newark, NJ

Database Administrator
BAE Systems, Naval Base, VA

Data Engineer - Data Services
American Express, Phoenix, AZ

Associate Software Engineer
JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., Newark, DE

Azure SQL DBA
Cognizant Technology Solutions, Louisville, KY

Software Engineer II, SQL Database
Microsoft, Atlanta, GA

Software Engineer
Microsoft, Austin, TX

IT Administrator, Microsoft SQL Database Administrator
Presidio, Plymouth Meeting, PA

SQL Database Administrator
Infosys Limited, San Francisco, CA

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Present your product here