DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the mission critical dbmsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > AlaSQL vs. Cassandra vs. Couchbase vs. CouchDB

System Properties Comparison AlaSQL vs. Cassandra vs. Couchbase vs. CouchDB

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlaSQL  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJavaScript DBMS libraryWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessA distributed document store with a powerful search engine and in-built operational and analytical capabilitiesA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.
Primary database modelDocument store
Relational DBMS
Wide column storeDocument storeDocument store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.70
Rank#238  Overall
#35  Document stores
#114  Relational DBMS
Score114.65
Rank#12  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score26.71
Rank#30  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score15.52
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Websitealasql.orgcassandra.apache.orgwww.couchbase.comcouchdb.apache.org
Technical documentationgithub.com/­agershun/­alasqlcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.couchbase.comdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stable
DeveloperAndrey Gershun & Mathias R. WulffApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookCouchbase, Inc.Apache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developer
Initial release2014200820112005
Current release4.0.7, October 2022Server: 7.0, July 2021; Mobile: 3, February 2022; Couchbase Capella, October 20213.2.2, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT-LicenseOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Aiven for Apache Cassandra: Fully managed, open source NoSQL database specifically designed to be highly available, performant, and scalable.
  • Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Couchbase Capella: a fully managed database-as-a-service that eliminates database management efforts and reduces cost
Implementation languageJavaScriptJavaC, C++, Go and ErlangErlang
Server operating systemsserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Android
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes infoString, Boolean, Numberno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnorestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesyes infovia views
SQL infoSupport of SQLClose to SQL99, but no user access control, stored procedures and host language bindings.SQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)Declarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.no
APIs and other access methodsJavaScript APIProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Native language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsRESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesJavaScriptC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoFunctions and timers in JavaScriptView functions in JavaScript
Triggersyesyesyes infovia the TAP protocolyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infono "single point of failure"ShardingSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayes infoonly for local storage and DOM-storageno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDno infoatomic operations within a single document possible
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infostrategy: optimistic locking
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infoby using IndexedDB, SQL.JS or proprietary FileStorageyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes infoEphemeral bucketsno
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights for users can be defined per objectUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationAccess rights for users can be defined per database
More information provided by the system vendor
AlaSQLCassandraCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Developed as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Couchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Customer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Amadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Named a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
The Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
News

Join in and Learn: Cassandra Summit Registration is Open!
6 December 2022

Reducing Security Vulnerabilities in Kubernetes
2 December 2022

The Rise of Machines: The Not-So-Scary Future of AI and Automation with Hussein Mehanna of Cruise
17 November 2022

Token Security For Real-Time Apps with Astra DB Plugin for HashiCorp Vault
10 November 2022

Interview with Microsoft’s Former Principal Legal Counsel: Lessons in Fair Play From Business to Baseball
7 November 2022

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesAiven for Apache Cassandra: A truly distributed database that can handle large volumes of writes.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

DataStax Cassandra: Zero touch operations, configuration and management with true autoscaling
» more

Instaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
» more
CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
AlaSQLCassandraCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"
DB-Engines blog posts

Cassandra keeps climbing the ranks of the DB-Engines Ranking
3 May 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

Oracle is the DBMS of the Year
5 January 2016, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Winners, losers and an attractive newcomer in Novembers DB-Engines ranking
2 November 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
2 June 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
2 June 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

8 Most Popular NoSQL Databases
25 November 2022, Analytics India Magazine

DataStax Continues Momentum in Q3 FY23 with Strong Demand for its Astra DB Cloud Database as a Service
30 November 2022, Business Wire

DataStax Releases Stargate v2 Data Gateway
16 November 2022, CDOTrends

Key Value Databases Market Share and Growth Developments 2023 | Competitive Strategies, Business Demand, Future Trends and Top Players Forecast to 2029
6 December 2022, Digital Journal

Two Reasons Why Apache Cassandra Is the Database for Real-Time Applications
7 July 2022, CIO

provided by Google News

Earnings Outlook For Couchbase - Couchbase (NASDAQ:BASE)
5 December 2022, Benzinga

Couchbase Stock: Mixed Signals Heading Into 2023 (BASE)
1 December 2022, Seeking Alpha

Couchbase Announces Strategic Collaboration With AWS
29 November 2022, PR Newswire

Financial Institution's IT Leaders Want More Time To Digitise Finds Couchbase
22 November 2022, The Fintech Times

What 5 Analyst Ratings Have To Say About Couchbase - Couchbase (NASDAQ:BASE)
18 November 2022, Benzinga

provided by Google News

How to install the CouchDB NoSQL database on Debian Server 11
16 June 2022, TechRepublic

IBM Cloudant pulls plan to fund new foundational layer for CouchDB
15 March 2022, The Register

How to deploy CouchDB as a cluster with Docker
30 June 2022, TechRepublic

Apache CouchDB 3.0 NoSQL Database: A Major Milestone -- ADTmag
27 February 2020, ADT Magazine

Database times they are a changing
21 November 2022, The Register

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Developer
Axle Informatics, Rockville, MD

Applications Developer
Axle Informatics, Rockville, MD

Senior Data Engineer (Couchbase, UDB Database, Cassandra)
Amex, Scottsdale, AZ

Principal Database Engineer
Mastercard, O'Fallon, MO

Database Administrator
McGraw Hill LLC., Albion, IA

Data Engineer
Accolite Digital, New York, NY

DATABASE ANALYST
Kensington Information Group, Woodbridge, NJ

Paid Media Manager
Couchbase, Remote

Enterprise Sales Representative- Minneapolis
Couchbase, Minneapolis, MN

Enterprise Sales Representative- Nashville
Couchbase, Nashville, TN

Sales Development Representative
Couchbase, Austin, TX

Technical Program Manager
Couchbase, Santa Clara, CA

Software Automation Engineer
Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Durham, NC

Java/J2EE Developer
Cyber Wave LLC, Remote

Java Developer
WorkCog, Remote

Database Architect
OneView Commerce Inc., Remote

Site Reliability Engineer
Honey, Austin, TX

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

The definitive guide for Cassandra

Imagine What You Could Do if Scalability Wasn‘t a Problem!
Download the Cassandra e-book for free!

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Present your product here