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DBMS > AlaSQL vs. Apache Druid vs. H2 vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database

System Properties Comparison AlaSQL vs. Apache Druid vs. H2 vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlaSQL  Xexclude from comparisonApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJavaScript DBMS libraryOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Database as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL Server
Primary database modelDocument store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.64
Rank#216  Overall
#33  Document stores
#108  Relational DBMS
Score2.81
Rank#100  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
#6  Time Series DBMS
Score8.95
Rank#50  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score74.79
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Websitealasql.orgdruid.apache.orgwww.h2database.comazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-database
Technical documentationgithub.com/­agershun/­alasqldruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sql
DeveloperAndrey Gershun & Mathias R. WulffApache Software Foundation and contributorsThomas MuellerMicrosoft
Initial release2014201220052010
Current release0.21.0, April 20211.4.200, October 2019V12
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT-LicenseOpen Source infoApache license v2Open Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaScriptJavaJavaC++
Server operating systemsserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Linux
OS X
Unix
All OS with a Java VMhosted
Data schemeschema-freeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLClose to SQL99, but no user access control, stored procedures and host language bindings.SQL for queryingyesyes
APIs and other access methodsJavaScript APIJDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesJavaScriptClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Java.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsTransact SQL
Triggersyesnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infomanual/auto, time-basednone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseyes, with always 3 replicas available
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayes infoonly for local storage and DOM-storagenoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infoby using IndexedDB, SQL.JS or proprietary FileStorageyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnoRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
AlaSQLApache DruidH2Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure
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