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DBMS > AgensGraph vs. Neo4j vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison AgensGraph vs. Neo4j vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAgensGraph  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMulti-model database supporting relational and graph data models and built upon PostgreSQLOpen source graph databaseWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS
Graph DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.03
Rank#329  Overall
#31  Graph DBMS
#139  Relational DBMS
Score51.04
Rank#20  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score553.52
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitebitnine.netneo4j.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationbitnine.net/­documentationneo4j.com/­docswww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperBitnine Global Inc.Neo4j, Inc.PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release201620071989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release2.1, December 20184.2.5, April 202113.2 , February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache License 2.0Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageCJava, ScalaC
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemedepending on used data modelschema-free and schema-optionalyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsCypher Query Language
JDBC
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC
Java
JavaScript
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnoyes infovia event handleryes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesno, but can be realized using table inheritancenonepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlySource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
AgensGraphNeo4jPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – Neo4j & Python, Model Git Commits, Slack to Discord, Open Names Data,
17 April 2021

Happy Global Graph Celebration Day 2021!
15 April 2021

Happy One-Year Anniversary to Neo4j Graph Data Science!
13 April 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Neo4j & Django, Analyzing Genomes, GGCD, Change Data Capture,
10 April 2021

Graphs for Real-Time Transaction Processing: 5-Minute Interview with Jorge Zaccaro
9 April 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
AgensGraphNeo4jPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

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2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

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4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

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Conferences and events

What's wrong with your application? - presented by Graphable.ai
Webinar, 6 April 2021 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Bitnine Launches AG Cloud Express: The Easiest Cloud-based Graph Database For Everyone
14 April 2021, PRNewswire

PostgreSQL Multi-Model Graph Extension Announced
13 July 2020, iProgrammer

Bitnine Looks to Scale PostgreSQL with AGE
30 June 2020, Datanami

Bitnine Releases AgensGraph 2.1, the Multi-model Graph Database Optimized for the Legacy Environment
29 January 2019, Business Wire

Graph DBMS Performance Comparison AgensGraph vs. Neo4j
29 June 2017, Business Wire

provided by Google News

Neo4J: Why Graph Technology Is the Key to Fraud Detection
14 April 2021, The Fintech Times

MANTA Partners With Neo4j to Provide Customers With Enhanced Graph Technology for Data Pipeline Analysis
7 April 2021, Business Wire

HiPaaS announces OEM partnership with Neo4j to accelerate Healthcare EDI and Interoperability Solutions
24 March 2021, PR Web

GPU Database Market to See Strong Growth Momentum | Kinetica, OmniSci, SQream, Neo4j, NVIDIA – NeighborWebSJ
18 April 2021, NeighborWebSJ

The 7 Best Graph Databases to Consider for 2021
29 March 2021, Solutions Review

provided by Google News

Rockset Enables Real-Time Analytics for MySQL and PostgreSQL
17 April 2021, DevPro Journal

Rockset takes a deeper dive into enterprise data pool
15 April 2021, ZDNet

Guest View: OLAP + OLTP = ...PostgreSQL?
12 April 2021, SDTimes.com

How PostgreSQL has popularized open source enterprise databases [Q&A]
7 April 2021, BetaNews

Crunchy Certified PostgreSQL 12 Achieves Common Criteria Evaluation Assurance Level (EAL) 2+ Certification
29 March 2021, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

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