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DBMS > AgensGraph vs. Neo4j vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison AgensGraph vs. Neo4j vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAgensGraph  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMulti-model database supporting relational and graph data models and built upon PostgreSQLOpen source graph databaseWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS
Graph DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.22
Rank#253  Overall
#21  Graph DBMS
#118  Relational DBMS
Score49.46
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score483.91
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitebitnine.netneo4j.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationbitnine.net/­documentationneo4j.com/­docswww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperBitnine Global Inc.Neo4j, Inc.PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release201620071989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release2.1, December 20183.5.8, July 201912.0, October 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache License 2.0Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageCJava, ScalaC
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemedepending on used data modelschema-free and schema-optionalyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsCypher Query Language
JDBC
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
native C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
Java
JavaScript
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnoyes infovia event handleryes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesno, but can be realized using table inheritancenonepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
AgensGraphNeo4jPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

#GraphCast: Bloom Series
18 October 2019

GraphConnect 2020: Call for Papers Closing November 15
17 October 2019

How Boston Scientific Improves Manufacturing Quality Using Graph Analytics
16 October 2019

Overcoming CCPA Compliance Challenges: What Is CCPA?
14 October 2019

This Week in Neo4j – NODES Keynote, Cypher Eager Operator, Releases of Neo4j OGM and jQAssistant
12 October 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
AgensGraphNeo4jPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

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PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

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Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

PostgreSQL Conference, Europe 2019
Milan, Italy, 15-18 October 2019 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Bitnine Releases AgensGraph 2.1, the Multi-model Graph Database Optimized for the Legacy Environment
29 January 2019, Business Wire

Graph Database Market 2019 Status Analysis : triAGENS GmbH(Arango DB), Neo4j, Inc, OrientDB Ltd, Cayley
16 October 2019, News Adopt

Bitnine: The Newly Revealed 'AI Teacher' Powered by Graph Database Delivers Hyper-Personalized Learning Experience
25 March 2019, Business Wire

Graph Database Market Analysis 2019 - triAGENS GmbH(Arango DB), Neo4j, Inc, OrientDB Ltd, Cayley
25 September 2019, News Coed

Graph DBMS Performance Comparison AgensGraph vs. Neo4j
29 June 2017, Business Wire

provided by Google News

Neo4j equips educators with data graphing teaching tools
10 October 2019, TechRepublic

Neo4j Launches Program to Empower Educators
10 October 2019, PRNewswire

NEORIS Demonstrates the Power of Graph Knowledge Management to Enable Predictive Analytics at Neo4j GraphTour New York
10 October 2019, PRNewswire

Neo4j Gets Hooks Into Kafka
1 October 2019, Datanami

Graph Database Market 2019 Status Analysis : triAGENS GmbH(Arango DB), Neo4j, Inc, OrientDB Ltd, Cayley
16 October 2019, News Adopt

provided by Google News

PostgreSQL 12 boosts open source database performance
14 October 2019, TechTarget

PostgreSQL 12 Released
14 October 2019, iProgrammer

2ndQuadrant Contributes Major Features to PostgreSQL 12
3 October 2019, PRNewswire

PostgreSQL turns performance up for v12 release
3 October 2019, DevClass

PostgreSQL puts the pedal to the metal with some smart indexing tweaks in version 12
4 October 2019, The Register

provided by Google News

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