DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the mission critical dbmsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > AgensGraph vs. ArangoDB vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison AgensGraph vs. ArangoDB vs. PostgreSQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAgensGraph  Xexclude from comparisonArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMulti-model database supporting relational and graph data models and built upon PostgreSQLNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.Widely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Relational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.07
Rank#329  Overall
#33  Graph DBMS
#148  Relational DBMS
Score5.92
Rank#73  Overall
#14  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#11  Key-value stores
#10  Search engines
Score618.00
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitebitnine.netwww.arangodb.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationbitnine.net/­documentationwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stablewww.postgresql.org/­docs
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterFacebookYouTubeInstagram
DeveloperBitnine Global Inc.ArangoDB Inc.PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release201620121989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release2.1, December 20183.9.2, June 202214.4, June 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache License 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.
  • Aiven for PostgreSQL: Fully managed and hosted PostgreSQL® with 70+ extensions and orchestration tooling included.
  • ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageCC++C
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemedepending on used data modelschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsCypher Query Language
JDBC
AQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC
Java
JavaScript
Python
C#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJavaScriptuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesno, but can be realized using table inheritanceSharding infosince version 2.0partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationSource-replica replication with configurable replication factorSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes inforelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
AgensGraphArangoDBPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsGraph and Beyond. With more than 11,000 stargazers on GitHub, ArangoDB is the leading...
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 11,000 stargazers on...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
News

July 2022: What’s the Latest with ArangoDB?
21 July 2022

What is a Graph Database?
7 July 2022

May 2022: What’s the Latest with ArangoDB?
27 May 2022

April 2022: What’s the Latest with ArangoDB?
29 April 2022

Who’s Who in Data Science
14 April 2022

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesAiven for PostgreSQL: The familiar open source PostgreSQL® that you know and love, with no proprietary features or add-ons that will lock you in.
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

The State of PostgreSQL 2022 survey is now open!
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

CYBERTEC is your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia, Poland, South Africa and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide and is here for you 24/7!
» more

Fujitsu Enterprise Postgres: An Enterprise Grade PostgreSQL with the flexibility of a hybrid cloud solution combined with industry leading security, availability and performance.
» more

EDB: BigAnimal is fully-managed PostgreSQL in the cloud from the database fanatics at EDB.
» more

Instaclustr: Fully Hosted & Managed PostgreSQL
» more

Datasentinel: Platform for Monitoring and Analyzing the performance problems of your PostgreSQL Clusters
» more

DbVisualizer is equipping database professionals with the tools they need to build, manage and maintain state-of-the-art database technologies. It has sky-high user satisfaction and is the preferred tool for database professionals around the world. Customers include Tesla, Apple, Facebook, Deutsche Bank, NASA, and 25,000 others in 145 countries.
» more

Percona: Database problems? Not on your watch.
Databases run better with Percona.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
AgensGraphArangoDBPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

The Weight of Relational Databases: Time for Multi-Model?
29 August 2017, Luca Olivari (guest author)

show all

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Driving the Future of PostgreSQL Adoption
15 November 2021,  Umair Shahid, Percona (sponsor) 

The Inexorable Rise of PostgreSQL
24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

show all

Recent citations in the news

Graph DBMS Performance Comparison AgensGraph vs. Neo4j
29 June 2017, Business Wire

Bitnine Announces Plans for New Business with Apache AGE's Top-Level Promotion
14 June 2022, Business Wire

PostgreSQL Multi-Model Graph Extension Announced
13 July 2020, iProgrammer

Bitnine Promoting a First IPO in the Graph Database Industry This Year
2 March 2021, Business Wire

provided by Google News

Document Databases Software Market 2022: Comprehensive Study by Top Key Players MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB
21 July 2022, Digital Journal

Open source graph database company ArangoDB raises $27.8M
6 October 2021, VentureBeat

ArangoDB 3.9 scales graph database operations
16 February 2022, TechTarget

Key-Value Stores Market Report Covers Future Trends with Research 2022-2029 | Redis, Azure Redis Cache, ArangoDB
25 July 2022, Digital Journal

ArangoDB brings yet more money into graph database market with $27.8M round
6 October 2021, SiliconANGLE News

provided by Google News

Amazon Aurora Supports PostgreSQL 14
9 July 2022, InfoQ.com

Timescale Releases Third State of PostgreSQL Report
29 July 2022, Datanami

How to Work With a PostgreSQL Database Using psql Commands - MUO
20 July 2022, MakeUseOf

Install PostgreSQL pgAdmin 4 on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Jammy Linux
4 August 2022, Linux Shout

How to return data from Postgresql pool in NodeJS?
1 August 2022, SitePoint

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Graph Database Engineer
Torch.AI, Remote

Full Stack Developer (U.S Citizens Only)
Datasoft International LLC, United States

Devops Engineer with ADAS
Qcentrio, Alaska

Test Engineer
ArangoDB, Remote

Data Engineer
Booz Allen Hamilton, Huntsville, AL

PostgreSQL Database Administrator
Xtivia Inc, Remote

Support Consultant -PostgreSQL
Percona, United States

Administrators, Database
T-Mobile, Bellevue, WA

PostgreSQL DBA
Career Soft Solutions, Jersey City, NJ

.NET Developer (Home Based)
RELX, Oklahoma

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

Neo4j logo

The right graph database.
Not a graph add-on.
Free forever.
Start solving today

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Present your product here