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DBMS > AgensGraph vs. ArangoDB vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison AgensGraph vs. ArangoDB vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAgensGraph  Xexclude from comparisonArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMulti-model database supporting relational and graph data models and built upon PostgreSQLA multi-model DBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Relational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.24
Rank#246  Overall
#20  Graph DBMS
#116  Relational DBMS
Score4.36
Rank#66  Overall
#11  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#10  Key-value stores
#8  Search engines
Score482.25
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitebitnine.netwww.arangodb.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationbitnine.net/­documentationwww.arangodb.com/­documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperBitnine Global Inc.ArangoDB GmbH / triagens GmbHPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release201620121989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release2.1, December 20183.5.0, August 201911.5, August 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache License 2.0Open Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageCC, C++, JavaScriptC
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Raspbian
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemedepending on used data modelschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsCypher Query Language
JDBC
HTTP API
JSON style queries
native C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
Java
JavaScript
Python
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJavaScriptuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesno, but can be realized using table inheritanceSharding infosince version 2.0partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replicationMaster-slave replicationMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
AgensGraphArangoDBPostgreSQL
News

libgcc: When exceptions collide
19 September 2019

Multi-Model Database ArangoDB 3.5 released – Distributed Joins, Streaming Transactions, extended GraphDB & Search Capabilities
19 August 2019

Welcome Matt Ekstrom, CRO, and Jörg Schad, Head of Engineering & Machine Learning!
14 August 2019

RC7 of ArangoDB 3.5: Streaming Transactions API
5 August 2019

RC4 of ArangoDB 3.5: Configurable Analyzers & other ArangoSearch Upgrades
26 June 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
AgensGraphArangoDBPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

The Weight of Relational Databases: Time for Multi-Model?
29 August 2017, Luca Olivari (guest author)

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PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
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Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Conference, Europe 2019
Milan, Italy, 15-18 October 2019

Recent citations in the news

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29 January 2019, Business Wire

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