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DBMS > AgensGraph vs. ArangoDB vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison AgensGraph vs. ArangoDB vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAgensGraph  Xexclude from comparisonArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMulti-model database supporting relational and graph data models and built upon PostgreSQLNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.Widely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Relational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Apache Age
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS infowith pgvector extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.06
Rank#364  Overall
#35  Graph DBMS
#153  Relational DBMS
Score4.34
Rank#85  Overall
#14  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
#10  Search engines
Score629.41
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitebitnine.net/­agensgrapharangodb.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationbitnine.net/­documentationdocs.arangodb.comwww.postgresql.org/­docs
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterFacebookYouTubeInstagram
DeveloperBitnine Global Inc.ArangoDB Inc.PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release201620121989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release2.1, December 20183.11.5, November 202316.2, February 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache License 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Cloud –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.Aiven for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL for developers with 70+ extensions and flexible orchestration tools.
Implementation languageCC++C
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemedepending on used data modelschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsCypher Query Language
JDBC
AQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC
Java
JavaScript
Python
C#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJavaScriptuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesno, but can be realized using table inheritanceSharding infosince version 2.0partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationSource-replica replication with configurable replication factorSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes inforelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
AgensGraphArangoDBPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsGraph and Beyond. With more than 11,000 stargazers on GitHub, ArangoDB is the leading...
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 11,000 stargazers on...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more

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More resources
AgensGraphArangoDBPostgreSQL
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