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DBMS > AgensGraph vs. ArangoDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. MariaDB

System Properties Comparison AgensGraph vs. ArangoDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. MariaDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAgensGraph  Xexclude from comparisonArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMulti-model database supporting relational and graph data models and built upon PostgreSQLNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.Cloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.MySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Document storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.07
Rank#329  Overall
#33  Graph DBMS
#148  Relational DBMS
Score5.92
Rank#73  Overall
#14  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#11  Key-value stores
#10  Search engines
Score18.80
Rank#38  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score113.89
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Websitebitnine.netwww.arangodb.comfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasemariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
Technical documentationbitnine.net/­documentationwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stablefirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasemariadb.com/­kb/­en/­library
Social network pagesTwitterLinkedInFacebookYouTubeInstagram
DeveloperBitnine Global Inc.ArangoDB Inc.Google infoacquired by Google 2014MariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Initial release2016201220122009 infoFork of MySQL, which was first released in 1995
Current release2.1, December 20183.9.2, June 202210.8.3, May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache License 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availablecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageCC++C and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Data schemedepending on used data modelschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supported
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnonoyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsCypher Query Language
JDBC
AQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
Android
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesC
Java
JavaScript
Python
C#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJavaScriptlimited functionality with using 'rules'yes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3
TriggersnonoCallbacks are triggered when data changesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesno, but can be realized using table inheritanceSharding infosince version 2.0several options for horizontal partitioning and Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationSource-replica replication with configurable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Eventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes inforelationships in graphsnoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDyesACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engine
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infowith MEMORY storage engine
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesyes, based on authentication and database rulesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
AgensGraphArangoDBFirebase Realtime DatabaseMariaDB
Specific characteristicsGraph and Beyond. With more than 11,000 stargazers on GitHub, ArangoDB is the leading...
» more
MariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
MariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more
Web, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
Deutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 11,000 stargazers on...
» more
MariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
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