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DBMS > AgensGraph vs. Amazon Neptune vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison AgensGraph vs. Amazon Neptune vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAgensGraph  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMulti-model database supporting relational and graph data models and built upon PostgreSQLFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.03
Rank#329  Overall
#31  Graph DBMS
#139  Relational DBMS
Score1.90
Rank#119  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score553.52
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitebitnine.netaws.amazon.com/­neptunewww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationbitnine.net/­documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourceswww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperBitnine Global Inc.AmazonPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release201620171989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release2.1, December 201813.2 , February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache License 2.0commercialOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageCC
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemedepending on used data modelschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsCypher Query Language
JDBC
RDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC
Java
JavaScript
Python
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesno, but can be realized using table inheritancenonepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infowith encyption-at-restyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
AgensGraphAmazon NeptunePostgreSQL
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