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DBMS > Adabas vs. Realm vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Realm vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformA mobile DBMS often used as a replacement for SQLiteTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.99
Rank#70  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score7.74
Rank#44  Overall
#27  Relational DBMS
Score1.41
Rank#124  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlrealm.iopingcap.com
Technical documentationrealm.io/­docspingcap.com/­docs
DeveloperSoftware AGRealmPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release197120142016
Current release3.0.0, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoLicenses are free. Parts are open sourced.Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGo, Rust
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
server-lessLinux
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewaynoyes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
Proprietary protocol
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesNaturalJava infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin Naturalnono
Triggersnoyes infoChange Listenersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas Vistanonehorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatornoneUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoIn-Memory realmno
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)noUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"RealmTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open source distributed scalable hybrid transactional and analytical processing...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersBank of Beijing (Banking) Mobike (Ridesharing) Toutiao (Media) Ele.me (Catering)...
» more
Market metricsInfoWorld’s 2018 Best of Open Source Software Award winners 15000+ stars on GitHub...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
News

How TSQ Becomes a Performance Bottleneck for TiKV in AWS ARM Environment
26 August 2019

Lesson Learned from Queries over 1.3 Trillion Rows of Data Within Milliseconds of Response Time at Zhihu.com
21 August 2019

Porting TiDB to ARM64 for Greater Flexibility
16 August 2019

Migrating the TiKV Rust Client from Futures 0.1 to 0.3
8 August 2019

TiDB Operator 1.0 GA: Database Cluster Deployment and Management Made Easy with Kubernetes
30 July 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"RealmTiDB
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Recent citations in the news

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31 August 2016, Business Wire

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Realm explains the benefits of real-time collaboration for mobile apps
24 October 2016, App Developer Magazine

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21 March 2017, Database Trends and Applications

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17 October 2017, Business Wire

Realm Receives Investment from Ericsson Ventures to Advance Development of Edge Computing Solutions
21 September 2017, Business Wire

Realm Launches Realm Mobile Platform Professional Edition to Drive Collaborative Realtime Applications
12 December 2016, Business Wire

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TiDB developer PingCAP wants to expand in North America after raising $50M Series C
11 September 2018, TechCrunch

How TiDB combines OLTP and OLAP in a distributed database
17 October 2018, InfoWorld

PingCAP offers titanium bullet to switch to its HTAP database
22 January 2019, DevClass

Percona Unveils Stellar Keynote Schedule for Eighth Annual Percona Live Open Source Database Conference
9 May 2019, GlobeNewswire

TiDB open sources its MySQL/MariaDB compatible data migration (DM) tool
22 January 2019, Packt Hub

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