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DBMS > Adabas vs. MonetDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. PouchDB

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. MonetDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. PouchDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonMonetDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonPouchDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformA relational database management system that stores data in columnsWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLJavaScript DBMS with an API inspired by CouchDB
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Document store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.66
Rank#83  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score2.25
Rank#127  Overall
#63  Relational DBMS
Score617.97
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score3.53
Rank#97  Overall
#19  Document stores
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmlwww.monetdb.orgwww.postgresql.orgpouchdb.com
Technical documentationwww.monetdb.org/­Documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docspouchdb.com/­guides
DeveloperSoftware AGMonetDB BVPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerApache Software Foundation
Initial release197120041989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2012
Current releaseJul2021-SP2, July 202115.1, November 20227.1.1, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0Open Source infoBSDOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageCCJavaScript
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)
Data schemeyesyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infovia views
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewayyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensionsyes infostandard with numerous extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
JDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
HTTP REST infoonly for PouchDB Server
JavaScript API
Supported programming languagesNaturalC
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
JavaScript
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin Naturalyes, in SQL, C, Ruser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.View functions in JavaScript
Triggersnoyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaSharding via remote tablespartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashSharding infowith a proxy-based framework, named couchdb-lounge
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event Replicatornone infoSource-replica replication available in experimental statusSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Source-replica replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, WebSQL or LevelDB as backend
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"MonetDBPostgreSQLPouchDB
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