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DBMS > Adabas vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Realm vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Realm vs. YugabyteDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformMicrosofts relational DBMSA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core DataHigh-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.76
Rank#76  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score1062.76
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score8.75
Rank#47  Overall
#8  Document stores
Score1.14
Rank#158  Overall
#77  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverrealm.iowww.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverrealm.io/­docsdocs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
DeveloperSoftware AGMicrosoftRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019Yugabyte Inc.
Initial release1971198920142017
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20192.2.0, July 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C and C++
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
Linux
Windows
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeyesyesyesdepending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewayyesnoyes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
YCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
Supported programming languagesNaturalC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javano inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessaryyes infosql, plpgsql, C
Triggersnoyesyes infoChange Listenersyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas Vistatables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnoneHash and Range Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event Replicatoryes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionnoneBased on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyStrong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infoIn-Memory realmno
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesyes
More information provided by the system vendor
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Microsoft SQL ServerRealmYugabyteDB
Specific characteristicsNow a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Gain Developer Agility Leverage full power of PostgreSQL-compatible SQL and distributed...
» more
Competitive advantagesRealm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
YugabyteDB is a distributed ACID-compliant database that brings together four must-have...
» more
Typical application scenariosMobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
YugabyteDB is a good fit for fast-growing, cloud native applications that need to...
» more
Key customersCathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsUsed by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRealm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more
YugabyteDB is a 100% open source project licensed under the permissive Apache 2.0...
» more

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Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Microsoft SQL ServerRealmYugabyteDB
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