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DBMS > Adabas vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformMicrosofts relational DBMSMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.11
Rank#75  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score1043.12
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score5.47
Rank#70  Overall
#12  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#11  Key-value stores
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmlwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverorientdb.org
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperSoftware AGMicrosoftOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release197119892010
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20193.1.0, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++Java
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
Linux
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeyesyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewayyesSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesNaturalC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaJava, Javascript
TriggersnoyesHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas Vistatables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event Replicatoryes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurable

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Microsoft SQL ServerOrientDB
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