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DBMS > Adabas vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Oracle vs. SAP IQ

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Oracle vs. SAP IQ

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceWidely used RDBMSColumnar RDBMS optimized for Big Data analytics
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS infocolumn-oriented
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.63
Rank#85  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score39.75
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score1241.69
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score4.72
Rank#84  Overall
#43  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmlazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-iq-big-data-management.html
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasehelp.sap.com/­iq
DeveloperSoftware AGMicrosoftOracleSAP, formerly Sybase
Initial release1971201419801994
Current release21c, January 202116.1 SPS04, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC and C++
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
hostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewaySQL-like query languageyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesNatural.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalJavaScriptPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleyes
TriggersnoJavaScriptyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding, horizontal partitioningshared disk or shared nothing architectures with SAP IQ Multiplexer
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event Replicatoryes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
SAP/Sybase Replication Server
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no infocan be realized in PL/SQLHadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'no
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)Access rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBOracleSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ
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