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DBMS > Adabas vs. Hive vs. Ingres vs. LeanXcale vs. SpatiaLite

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Hive vs. Ingres vs. LeanXcale vs. SpatiaLite

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonIngres  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparisonSpatiaLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformdata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopWell established RDBMSA highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilitiesSpatial extension of SQLite
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.74
Rank#77  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score83.45
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score5.77
Rank#68  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Score0.23
Rank#283  Overall
#41  Key-value stores
#132  Relational DBMS
Score1.94
Rank#122  Overall
#2  Spatial DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmlhive.apache.orgwww.actian.com/­data-management/­ingres-sql-rdbmswww.leanxcale.comwww.gaia-gis.it/­fossil/­libspatialite/­index
Technical documentationcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.actian.com/­ingreswww.gaia-gis.it/­gaia-sins/­spatialite_topics.html
DeveloperSoftware AGApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookActian CorporationLeanXcaleAlessandro Furieri
Initial release197120121974 infooriginally developed at University Berkely in early 1970s20152008
Current release3.1.2, August 201911.0, April 20175.0.0, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercialcommercialOpen Source infoMPL 1.1, GPL v2.0 or LGPL v2.1
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaCC++
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
All OS with a Java VMAIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
server-less
Data schemeyesyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infobut tools for importing/exporting data from/to XML-files availableno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewaySQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesyes infothrough Apache Derbyyes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol (OpenAPI)
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
Supported programming languagesNaturalC++
Java
PHP
Python
C
Java
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin Naturalyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyesno
Triggersnonoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaShardinghorizontal partitioning infoIngres Star to access multiple databases simultaneouslynone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event Replicatorselectable replication factorIngres Replicatornone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReducenonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoMVCCyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)Access rights for users, groups and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno
More information provided by the system vendor
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"HiveIngresLeanXcaleSpatiaLite
Specific characteristicsFull ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
Competitive advantagesLinear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
Typical application scenariosHybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
» more
Key customersbanking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
Market metrics15 beta testers
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsannual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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3rd partiesSQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"HiveIngresLeanXcaleSpatiaLite
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