DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the first and only COTS deterministic embedded database management system for mission- and safety-critical hard real-time applicationsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Adabas vs. Greenplum vs. Nebula Graph vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Greenplum vs. Nebula Graph vs. Neo4j

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonGreenplum  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformAnalytic Database platform built on PostgreSQL. Full name is Pivotal Greenplum Database infoA logical database in Greenplum is an array of individual PostgreSQL databases working together to present a single database image.A distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offerings
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.74
Rank#77  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score13.96
Rank#42  Overall
#26  Relational DBMS
Score1.14
Rank#164  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Score58.03
Rank#20  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmlgreenplum.orggithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
neo4j.com
Technical documentationdocs.greenplum.orgdocs.nebula-graph.ioneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperSoftware AGPivotal Software Inc.Vesoft Inc.Neo4j, Inc.
Initial release1971200520192007
Current release6.7.1, April 20204.4.3, January 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageC++Java, Scala
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
LinuxLinuxLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesStrong typed schemaschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infosince Version 4.2no
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewayyesSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
JDBC
ODBC
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesNaturalC
Java
Perl
Python
R
C++
Go
Java
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin Naturalyesyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersnoyesyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaShardingShardingyes using Neo4j Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorSource-replica replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocolCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infousing RocksDByes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"GreenplumNebula GraphNeo4j
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

How to compute the Betweenness Centrality against Nebula Graph
17 December 2021

How to Perform Load Testing against Nebula Graph with K6
1 December 2021

How to Select a Graph Database: Best Practices at RoyalFlush
17 November 2021

Nebula Hackathon 2021 is live now!
16 November 2021

Nebula Graph v2.6.0 Performance Report
12 November 2021

Category Creation: Emil Eifrem’s Virtuous Cycle & Four Tips for Success
20 January 2022

Neo4j in the News – Winter Edition: Neo4j Growth, Big Data, and Cybercrime
19 January 2022

Doctor.ai, a Voice Chatbot for Healthcare, Powered by Neo4j and AWS
18 January 2022

This Week in Neo4j – Start Your Graph
15 January 2022

Jim Webber with Dr. Edgar Osuna: Using Graphs to Take Down Fraudsters
13 January 2022

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"GreenplumNebula GraphNeo4j
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

Astadia Poised for Record Growth as Positive Momentum Continues for the Mainframe to Cloud Sector
12 January 2022, Yahoo Finance

The Future of Mainframe Modernization: Where Are We Headed?
19 January 2022, Toolbox

Software AG says it has turned the corner in shift to a subscription business
21 July 2021, SiliconANGLE News

Silver Lake Invests $388 Million in Germany's Software AG
14 December 2021, Bloomberg

Astadia Migration Factory to Reduce the Duration of Mainframe to AWS Migrations by up to 90%
30 November 2021, Business Wire

provided by Google News

Greenplum 6 ventures outside the analytic box
19 March 2019, ZDNet

Capitalizing on Analytics and AI at Dell Technologies
8 April 2021, CIO

Open Sourced Greenplum Data Warehouse Now on GitHub -- ADTmag
28 October 2015, ADT Magazine

Has the time finally come for PostgreSQL?
20 April 2018, ZDNet

Big Data = Big Money: EMC Buys Greenplum
6 July 2010, GigaOm

provided by Google News

Third Time Is The Charm For Nebula Graph Database
19 January 2021, The Next Platform

The future of graph database: vesoft unveils Nebula Graph 2.0 GA
24 March 2021, PR Web

Nebula Graph Joins Database Race
15 June 2020, Datanami

Graph Database Startup Vesoft Seeks Funds at $1 Billion Value
5 July 2021, Bloomberg

The untapped potential of HPC + graph computing
30 October 2021, VentureBeat

provided by Google News

Global Graph Analytics Market Growth Analysis by Top Key Players: Microsoft, IBM, AWS, Oracle, Neo4j, TigerGraph, Cray – Discovery Sports Media
20 January 2022, Discovery Sports Media

Cloud Database and DBaaS Market Size Will Reach USD 512280 Million in 2028, Growing at a CAGR of 56.3% over the Analysis Period
20 January 2022, Digital Journal

Graph Database Market Report 2022 Market SWOT Analysis,Key Indicators,Forecast 2027 : IBM,Tigergraph,Tibco Software,Teradata,Stardog – Discovery Sports Media
19 January 2022, Discovery Sports Media

Proof That Graph Databases Software Market Really Works by 2027 | Key Players Are Neo4j, ArangoDB, SAP, Twitter, The Apache Software Foundation, Cayley, DataStax, IBM, Microsoft – Discovery Sports Media
18 January 2022, Discovery Sports Media

Healthcare EDI Market size worth $ 5.23 Billion, Globally, by 2028 at 7.6% CAGR: Verified Market Research®
20 January 2022, Yahoo Finance

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Adabas Database Administrator
DMI, Remote

Mainframe Developer - Natural / ADABAS | Richmond, VA (Will be remote during Covid)
Apexon, Richmond, VA

Applications Support - Mainframe
JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., Plano, TX

Computer Programmer/Analyst
GLR SYSTEMS, Atlanta, GA

Junior Software Engineer
Software AG, Denver, CO

Member of Technical Staff - Query Processing - Tanzu Greenplum Database - Opportunity for Working Remotely Boston, MA
VMware, Boston, MA

Member of Technical Staff - Query Processing - Tanzu Greenplum Database - Opportunity for Working Remotely Portland, OR
VMware, Portland, OR

Associate Database Engineer
Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN

VMware Tanzu Data Engineer (Greenplum) - Opportunity for Working Remotely Palo Alto, CA
VMware, Palo Alto, CA

PostGres DBA
Alltech International, Washington, DC

Technical Support Engneer. (East Coast) -Remote
TigerGraph, Georgia

Data Scientist / Analyst (remote)
LinQuest Corporation, Beavercreek, OH

Data Scientist
Snap Finance, Salt Lake City, UT

JavaScript Developer
Keyhole Software, United States

Department
Aunalytics, Link, WV

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Present your product here