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DBMS > Adabas vs. GraphDB vs. Realm vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. GraphDB vs. Realm vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core DataTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.42
Rank#69  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score1.13
Rank#141  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score7.97
Rank#45  Overall
#8  Document stores
Score1.63
Rank#126  Overall
#63  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlgraphdb.ontotext.comrealm.iopingcap.com
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationrealm.io/­docspingcap.com/­docs
DeveloperSoftware AGOntotextRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019PingCAP, Inc.
Initial release1971200020142016
Current release8.8, January 20193.0.0, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infolimited edition freeOpen SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.nono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaGo, Rust
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
All OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewaySPARQL is used as query languagenoyes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
GeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesNatural.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalJava Server Pluginno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessaryno
Triggersnonoyes infoChange Listenersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas Vistanonenonehorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorMaster-master replicationnoneUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoConstraint checkingnono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoIn-Memory realmno
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)yesyesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMRealmTiDB
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Now a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
TiDB is an open source distributed scalable hybrid transactional and analytical processing...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Realm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Mobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Cathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Bank of Beijing (Banking) Mobike (Ridesharing) Toutiao (Media) Ele.me (Catering)...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Used by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
InfoWorld’s 2018 Best of Open Source Software Award winners 15000+ stars on GitHub...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
Realm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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