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DBMS > Adabas vs. eXtremeDB vs. GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. eXtremeDB vs. GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisoneXtremeDB  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformNatively in-memory DBMS with options for persistency, high-availability and clusteringEnterprise-ready RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support. It supports also SQL JDBC access to Knowledge Graph and GraphQL over SPARQL.Elastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.45
Rank#79  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score0.69
Rank#211  Overall
#105  Relational DBMS
#15  Time Series DBMS
Score2.65
Rank#105  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score17.27
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmlwww.mcobject.comwww.ontotext.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analytics
Technical documentationwww.mcobject.com/­docs/­extremedb.htmgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperSoftware AGMcObjectOntotextMicrosoft
Initial release1971200120002016
Current release8.2, November 20209.8, June 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial infoSome plugins of GraphDB Workbench are open sourcedcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC and C++JavaC++
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyesyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support; RDF shapesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infosupport of XML interfaces availablenono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewayyes infowith the option: eXtremeSQLstored SPARQL accessed as SQL using Apache Calcite through JDBC/ODBCyes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
.NET Client API
JDBC
JNI
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
GeoSPARQL
GraphQL
GraphQL Federation
Java API
JDBC
RDF4J API
RDFS
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesNatural.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
Lua
Python
Scala
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin Naturalyeswell-defined plugin interfaces; JavaScript server-side extensibilityTransact SQL
Triggersnoyes infoby defining eventsnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas Vistahorizontal partitioning / shardingnoneSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorActive Replication Fabric™ for IoT
Multi-source replication infoby means of eXtremeDB Cluster option
Source-replica replication infoby means of eXtremeDB High Availability option
Multi-source replicationyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infoConstraint checkingno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoOptimistic (MVCC) and pessimistic (locking) strategies availableyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)Default Basic authentication through RDF4J client, or via Java when run with cURL, default token-based in the Workbench or via Rest API, optional access through OpenID or Kerberos single sign-on.yes
More information provided by the system vendor
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"eXtremeDBGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
Specific characteristicseXtremeDB is an in-memory and/or persistent database system that offers an ultra-small...
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GraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
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Competitive advantageseXtremeDB databases can be modeled relationally or as objects and can utilize SQL...
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GraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
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Typical application scenariosIoT application across all markets: Industrial Control, Netcom, Telecom, Defense,...
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Metadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
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Key customersSchneider Electronics, F5 Networks, TNS, Boeing, Northrop Grumman, GoPro, ViaSat,...
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BBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
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Market metricsWith hundreds of customers and over 30 million devices/applications using the product...
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GraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFor server use cases, there is a simple per-server license irrespective of the number...
» more
GraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"eXtremeDBGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
Conferences and events

Knowledge Graph Forum
Virtual Event, 10/26:3pm CEST, 10/27:7:30pm CEST, 26-27 October 2021

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