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DBMS > Adabas vs. GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. OpenQM vs. Oracle NoSQL

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. OpenQM vs. Oracle NoSQL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonOpenQM infoalso called QM  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformEnterprise-ready RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support. It supports also SQL JDBC access to Knowledge Graph and GraphQL over SPARQL.Elastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerQpenQM is a high-performance, self-tuning, multi-value DBMSA multi-model, scalable, distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide highly reliable, flexible, and available data management across a configurable set of storage nodes
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSMultivalue DBMSDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.74
Rank#77  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score2.86
Rank#103  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#3  RDF stores
Score18.49
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score0.30
Rank#269  Overall
#11  Multivalue DBMS
Score4.41
Rank#81  Overall
#14  Document stores
#13  Key-value stores
#44  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmlwww.ontotext.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.openqm.comwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­nosql.html
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticswww.openqm.com/­support/­documentationdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database/­other-databases/­nosql-database/­index.html
DeveloperSoftware AGOntotextMicrosoftMartin PhillipsOracle
Initial release19712000201619932011
Current release9.8, June 20213.4-1221.2, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoSome plugins of GraphDB Workbench are open sourcedcommercialOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license availableOpen Source infoProprietary for Enterprise Edition (Oracle Database EE license has Oracle NoSQL database EE covered: details)
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++Java
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
All OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedAIX
FreeBSD
Linux
macOS
Raspberry Pi
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Solaris SPARC/x86
Data schemeyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support; RDF shapesyesyes infowith some exceptionsSupport Fixed schema and Schema-less deployment with the ability to interoperate between them.
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesoptional
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewaystored SPARQL accessed as SQL using Apache Calcite through JDBC/ODBCyesnoSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
GeoSPARQL
GraphQL
GraphQL Federation
Java API
JDBC
RDF4J API
RDFS
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesNatural.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
Java
PHP
.Net
Basic
C
Java
Objective C
PHP
Python
C
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin Naturalwell-defined plugin interfaces; JavaScript server-side extensibilityTransact SQLyesno
Triggersnononoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistanoneSharding, horizontal partitioningyesSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorMulti-source replicationyesyesElectable source-replica replication per shard. Support distributed global deployment with Multi-region table feature
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononowith Hadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoConstraint checkingno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infooff heap cache
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)Default Basic authentication through RDF4J client, or via Java when run with cURL, default token-based in the Workbench or via Rest API, optional access through OpenID or Kerberos single sign-on.yesAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseOpenQM infoalso called QMOracle NoSQL
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseOpenQM infoalso called QMOracle NoSQL
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