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DBMS > Adabas vs. GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Realm

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Realm

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core Data
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.42
Rank#69  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score1.13
Rank#141  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score31.98
Rank#24  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score7.97
Rank#45  Overall
#8  Document stores
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlgraphdb.ontotext.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbrealm.io
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-dbrealm.io/­docs
DeveloperSoftware AGOntotextMicrosoftRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019
Initial release1971200020142014
Current release8.8, January 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infolimited edition freecommercialOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.yesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
All OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedAndroid
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewaySPARQL is used as query languageSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
GeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesNatural.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalJava Server PluginJavaScriptno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessary
TriggersnonoJavaScriptyes infoChange Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistanoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorMaster-master replicationyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Bounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoConstraint checkingnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)yesAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelyes
More information provided by the system vendor
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBRealm
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Now a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Realm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Mobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Cathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Used by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
Realm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more
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More resources
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