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DBMS > Adabas vs. Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Spark SQL vs. Splunk

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Spark SQL vs. Splunk

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparisonSplunk  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processingAnalytics Platform for Big Data
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSSearch engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.63
Rank#78  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score0.80
Rank#195  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#31  Key-value stores
Score16.66
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score21.87
Rank#34  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Score91.61
Rank#13  Overall
#2  Search engines
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmlwww.graphengine.ioazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticsspark.apache.org/­sqlwww.splunk.com
Technical documentationwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.htmldocs.splunk.com/­Documentation/­Splunk
DeveloperSoftware AGMicrosoftMicrosoftApache Software FoundationSplunk Inc.
Initial release19712010201620142003
Current release3.1.1, March 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMIT LicensecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial infoLimited free edition and free developer edition available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation language.NET and CC++Scala
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
.NEThostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewaynoyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsno infoSplunk Search Processing Language for search commands
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
HTTP REST
Supported programming languagesNaturalC#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
C#
Java
PHP
Java
Python
R
Scala
C#
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalyesTransact SQLnoyes
Triggersnonononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas Vistahorizontal partitioningSharding, horizontal partitioningyes, utilizing Spark CoreSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatoryesnoneMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDnono infoA 'Transaction' in Splunk has a different meaning: grouping related events into a single one for later searching
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)yesnoAccess rights for users and roles

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Graph Engine infoformer name: TrinityMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseSpark SQLSplunk
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