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DBMS > Adabas vs. Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. SiteWhere vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. SiteWhere vs. Spark SQL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonSiteWhere  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerM2M integration platform for persisting/querying time series dataSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.63
Rank#78  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score0.80
Rank#195  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#31  Key-value stores
Score16.66
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score0.03
Rank#336  Overall
#31  Time Series DBMS
Score21.87
Rank#34  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmlwww.graphengine.ioazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticssitewhere.iospark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticssitewhere.io/­docs/­2.1.0spark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperSoftware AGMicrosoftMicrosoftSiteWhereApache Software Foundation
Initial release19712010201620102014
Current release3.1.1, March 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMIT LicensecommercialOpen Source infoCommon Public Attribution License Version 1.0Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation language.NET and CC++JavaScala
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
.NEThostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyespredefined schemeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesyesyesnono
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewaynoyesnoSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
HTTP RESTJDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesNaturalC#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
C#
Java
PHP
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalyesTransact SQLno
Triggersnononono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas Vistahorizontal partitioningSharding, horizontal partitioningSharding infobased on HBaseyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event Replicatoryesselectable replication factor infobased on HBasenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)yesUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptno

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Graph Engine infoformer name: TrinityMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseSiteWhereSpark SQL
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