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DBMS > Adabas vs. Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. SingleStore vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. SingleStore vs. Spark SQL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerMySQL wire-compliant distributed RDBMS that combines an in-memory row-oriented and a disc-based column-oriented storageSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.63
Rank#78  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score0.80
Rank#195  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#31  Key-value stores
Score16.66
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score5.53
Rank#67  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Score21.87
Rank#34  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmlwww.graphengine.ioazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.singlestore.comspark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsdocs.singlestore.comspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperSoftware AGMicrosoftMicrosoftSingleStore Inc.Apache Software Foundation
Initial release19712010201620132014
Current release7.3, December 20203.1.1, March 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMIT Licensecommercialcommercial infofree developer edition availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SingleStore Managed Service: The world's fastest, most capable cloud database for operational analytics, machine learning, & AI. Available instantly with multi-cloud and hybrid-cloud capabilities.
Implementation language.NET and CC++C++Scala
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
.NEThostedLinux info64 bit version requiredLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewaynoyesyes, but no triggers and foreign keysSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesNaturalC#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
C#
Java
PHP
Bash
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalyesTransact SQLyesno
Triggersnonononono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas Vistahorizontal partitioningSharding, horizontal partitioningShardingyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatoryesSource-replica replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency only within each node
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACID infoOnly isolation level: READ COMMITEDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)yesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno
More information provided by the system vendor
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Graph Engine infoformer name: TrinityMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQLSpark SQL
Specific characteristicsSingleStore is The No Limits Database™, powering modern applications and analytical...
» more
Competitive advantagesPerformance - Shattering the Trillion-Rows-Per-Second Barrier Fast data ingest -...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Analytics Internet of Things Personalization and Recommendations Risk Management...
» more
Key customersComcast - Real-time Stream Processing Architecture DellEMC - Getting it Right Exactly...
» more
Market metricsCustomers in various industries worldwide -- US and International Industry Solutions:...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsF ree Tier and Enterprise Edition
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesSQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Graph Engine infoformer name: TrinityMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQLSpark SQL
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