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DBMS > Adabas vs. Graph Engine vs. Greenplum vs. Infobright vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Graph Engine vs. Greenplum vs. Infobright vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonGreenplum  Xexclude from comparisonInfobright  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineAnalytic Database platform built on PostgreSQL. Full name is Pivotal Greenplum Database infoA logical database in Greenplum is an array of individual PostgreSQL databases working together to present a single database image.High performant column-oriented DBMS for analytic workloads using MySQL or PostgreSQL as a frontendElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.63
Rank#78  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score0.80
Rank#195  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#31  Key-value stores
Score13.61
Rank#42  Overall
#26  Relational DBMS
Score1.20
Rank#160  Overall
#79  Relational DBMS
Score16.66
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmlwww.graphengine.iogreenplum.orgwww.ignitetech.com/­infobright-dbazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analytics
Technical documentationwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualdocs.greenplum.orgdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperSoftware AGMicrosoftPivotal Software Inc.Ignite Technologies Inc.; formerly InfoBright Inc.Microsoft
Initial release19712010200520052016
Current release6.7.1, April 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial infoThe open source (GPLv2) version did not support inserts/updates/deletes and was discontinued with July 2016commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation language.NET and CCC++
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
.NETLinuxLinux
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyesyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infosince Version 4.2nono
Secondary indexesyesyesno infoKnowledge Grid Technology used insteadyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewaynoyesyesyes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
RESTful HTTP APIJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesNaturalC#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
C
Java
Perl
Python
R
.Net
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalyesyesnoTransact SQL
Triggersnonoyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas Vistahorizontal partitioningShardingnoneSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorSource-replica replicationSource-replica replicationyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesnono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard infoexploiting MySQL or PostgreSQL frontend capabilitiesyes

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Graph Engine infoformer name: TrinityGreenplumInfobrightMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
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