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DBMS > Adabas vs. Graph Engine vs. GraphDB vs. Infobright vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Graph Engine vs. GraphDB vs. Infobright vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonInfobright  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineEnterprise-ready RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support. It supports also SQL JDBC access to Knowledge Graph and GraphQL over SPARQL.High performant column-oriented DBMS for analytic workloads using MySQL or PostgreSQL as a frontendElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.63
Rank#78  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score0.80
Rank#195  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#31  Key-value stores
Score2.61
Rank#109  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score1.20
Rank#160  Overall
#79  Relational DBMS
Score16.66
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmlwww.graphengine.iowww.ontotext.comwww.ignitetech.com/­infobright-dbazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analytics
Technical documentationwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperSoftware AGMicrosoftOntotextIgnite Technologies Inc.; formerly InfoBright Inc.Microsoft
Initial release19712010200020052016
Current release9.8, June 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMIT Licensecommercial infoSome plugins of GraphDB Workbench are open sourcedcommercial infoThe open source (GPLv2) version did not support inserts/updates/deletes and was discontinued with July 2016commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation language.NET and CJavaCC++
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
.NETAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyesyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support; RDF shapesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesno infoKnowledge Grid Technology used insteadyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewaynostored SPARQL accessed as SQL using Apache Calcite through JDBC/ODBCyesyes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
RESTful HTTP APIGeoSPARQL
GraphQL
GraphQL Federation
Java API
JDBC
RDF4J API
RDFS
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesNaturalC#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin Naturalyeswell-defined plugin interfaces; JavaScript server-side extensibilitynoTransact SQL
Triggersnonononono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas Vistahorizontal partitioningnonenoneSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorMulti-source replicationSource-replica replicationyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoConstraint checkingnono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)Default Basic authentication through RDF4J client, or via Java when run with cURL, default token-based in the Workbench or via Rest API, optional access through OpenID or Kerberos single sign-on.fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard infoexploiting MySQL or PostgreSQL frontend capabilitiesyes
More information provided by the system vendor
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Graph Engine infoformer name: TrinityGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMInfobrightMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Graph Engine infoformer name: TrinityGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMInfobrightMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
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