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DBMS > Adabas vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Realm

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Realm

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.A DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core Data
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.16
Rank#69  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score1.85
Rank#112  Overall
#55  Relational DBMS
Score7.92
Rank#44  Overall
#8  Document stores
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlcloud.google.com/­spannerrealm.io
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsrealm.io/­docs
DeveloperSoftware AGGoogleRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019
Initial release197120172014
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
hostedAndroid
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewayyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011no
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
Supported programming languagesNaturalGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin Naturalnono inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessary
Triggersnonoyes infoChange Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorMaster-Master replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoStrict serializable isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)Access rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)yes

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Google Cloud SpannerRealm
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