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DBMS > Adabas vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Graphite vs. Hypertable vs. SAP IQ

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Graphite vs. Hypertable vs. SAP IQ

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonHypertable  Xexclude from comparisonSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ  Xexclude from comparison
Hypertable has stopped its further development with March 2016 and is removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Data logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperAn open source BigTable implementation based on distributed file systems such as HadoopColumnar RDBMS optimized for Big Data analytics
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSWide column storeRelational DBMS infocolumn-oriented
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.24
Rank#73  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score2.79
Rank#105  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score4.64
Rank#78  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score4.96
Rank#77  Overall
#42  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmlcloud.google.com/­spannergithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webwww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-iq-big-data-management.html
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsgraphite.readthedocs.iohelp.sap.com/­iq
DeveloperSoftware AGGoogleChris DavisHypertable Inc.SAP, formerly Sybase
Initial release19712017200620091994
Current release0.9.8.11, March 201616.1 SPS04, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGNU version 3. Commercial license availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languagePythonC++
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
hostedLinux
Unix
Linux
OS X
Windows infoan inofficial Windows port is available
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesNumeric data onlynoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesyesnorestricted infoonly exact value or prefix value scansyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewayyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011nonoyes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP API
Sockets
C++ API
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesNaturalGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin Naturalnononoyes
Triggersnonononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaShardingnoneShardingshared disk or shared nothing architectures with SAP IQ Multiplexer
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.noneselectable replication factor on file system levelSAP/Sybase Replication Server
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud DataflownoyesHadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoStrict serializable isolationnonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infolockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)Access rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)nonofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Google Cloud SpannerGraphiteHypertableSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ
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