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DBMS > Adabas vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Lovefield vs. Quasardb vs. VoltDB

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Lovefield vs. Quasardb vs. VoltDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonLovefield  Xexclude from comparisonQuasardb  Xexclude from comparisonVoltDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Embeddable relational database for web apps written in pure JavaScriptDistributed, high-performance timeseries databaseDistributed In-Memory NewSQL RDBMS infoUsed for OLTP applications with a high frequency of relatively simple transactions, that can hold all their data in memory
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSKey-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.66
Rank#83  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score5.03
Rank#79  Overall
#12  Key-value stores
#6  Wide column stores
Score0.26
Rank#282  Overall
#134  Relational DBMS
Score0.06
Rank#332  Overall
#29  Time Series DBMS
Score1.66
Rank#142  Overall
#70  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmlcloud.google.com/­bigtablegoogle.github.io/­lovefieldquasardb.netwww.voltdb.com
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsgithub.com/­google/­lovefield/­blob/­master/­docs/­spec_index.mddoc.quasar.ai/­masterdocs.voltdb.com
DeveloperSoftware AGGoogleGooglequasardbVoltDB Inc.
Initial release19712015201420092010
Current release2.1.12, February 20173.13.3, April 202211.3, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial infoFree community edition, Non-profit organizations and non-commercial usage are eligible for free licensesOpen Source infoAGPL for Community Edition, commercial license for Enterprise, AWS, and Pro Editions
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaScriptC++Java, C++
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
hostedserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js) infotested with Chrome, Firefox, IE, SafariBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X infofor development
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes infointeger and binaryyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes infowith tagsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewaynoSQL-like query language infovia JavaScript builder patternSQL-like query languageyes infoonly a subset of SQL 99
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
HTTP APIJava API
JDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesNaturalC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScript.Net
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
C#
C++
Erlang infonot officially supported
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalnononoJava
TriggersnonoUsing read-only observersnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaShardingnoneSharding infoconsistent hashingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesnoneSource-replica replication with selectable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnowith Hadoop integrationno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesnono infoFOREIGN KEY constraints are not supported
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDAtomic single-row operationsACIDACIDACID infoTransactions are executed single-threaded within stored procedures
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes, by using IndexedDB or the cloud service Firebase Realtime Databaseyes infoby using LevelDByes infoSnapshots and command logging
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infousing MemoryDByes infoTransient mode
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)Access rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)noCryptographically strong user authentication and audit trailUsers and roles with access to stored procedures

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Google Cloud BigtableLovefieldQuasardbVoltDB
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